Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen Current Affairs - 2019
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The part two of Darwaza Band campaign which aims to promote the use of toilets and to sustain the open defecation free status of villages across India has been launched.
The campaign has been launched under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Darwaja Band literally stands for shutting the door. The campaign symbolically stands for shutting the door for open defecation. The campaign aims to encourage behaviour change in men who have toilets but are not using them and to encourage women to stand up for this issue in their villages and assume a leadership role.
The Darwaza Band campaign is designed to encourage behaviour change through television ads, radio jingles, outdoor publicity and digital campaigns. The campaign is launched in association with World Bank.
Making India open Defecation Free
The data from government suggests that over 50 crore people have stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission and over 5.5 lakh villages have been declared Open Defecation Free. The national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98 per cent as compared to 39 per cent in 2014.
Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) has launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018 (SSG 2018) in New Delhi, a rural cleanliness survey to rank all states and districts on basis of qualitative and quantitative evaluation.
The objective of SSG 2018 is to undertake ranking of states and districts on basis of their performance attained on key quantitative and qualitative Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen (SBM-G) parameters. The rankings will be based on taking into account set of comprehensive cleanliness parameters.
The criteria of SSG-2018 include survey of public places, citizens’ perspective of cleanliness, their recommendations and data from SBM-G. As part of it, 6,980 villages in 698 districts across India will be covered. It will cover total 34,000 public places namely schools, anganwadis, public health centres, haat/bazaars/religious places in these villages.
The SSG 2018 will assign 65% weightage to findings and outcome and 35% to service level parameters to be obtained from Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of the MDWS. The weights to different elements of SSG are direct observation of sanitation in public places (30%), citizen’s feedback on sanitation parameters (35%), service level progress on sanitation progress in the country as per SBMG-MIS (35%).
The SSG 2018 will be conducted by independent survey agency in all districts from 1st to 31st August 2018. It will also take feedback from over 50 lakh citizens on SBM related issues through direct interaction as well as online feedback. The top performing states and districts are expected to be awarded on 2nd October 2018.