Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen Current Affairs - 2020

What is Swachh Bharat Kranti?

“Swachh Bharat Kranti” is a translated copy of the book “Swachh Bharat Revolution”. Swachh Bharat Kranti is a Hindi version and Swachh Bharat Revolution is the English version.

On August 5, 2020, the Hindi version of Swachh Bharat Revolution was launched by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development Smt Smriti Irani and Union Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

About the Book

The book is about the journey of Swachh Bharat Mission. It has 35 essays contributed by a range of stakeholders of the programme. The essays in the book have been arranged under four pillars namely Public Financing, political leadership, Partnership and Participation of People in the mission. The contributors of the book include Amitabh Kant, Arun Jaitley, Sadhguru, Ratan Tata, etc.

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

The Mission was started in 2014 to provide universal coverage on sanitation of the country. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The two main components of the mission include SBM Urban and SBM Rural. The urban component of the mission mainly focuses on waste management techniques. On the other hand, the rural component focuses on achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) India.

Currently, the second phase of the mission is being implemented, which is between 2020-21 and 2024-25.

Phase II of SBM

The second phase of the mission is to be implemented with a total outlay of Rs 1,40,881 crores. The second phase has been named as ODF+. The ODF+ is to focus on the following

  • Grey Water Management
  • Plastic Waste Management
  • Faecal Sludge Management
  • Biodegradable Solid Waste Management

The second phase is to focus on generating employment in the rural region by constructing soak pits, compost pits, material recovery facilities, waste stabilisation ponds, etc. It will also help the rural India handle challenges of solid and liquid waste management to improve the health of the villagers in the country.

National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19

The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 was conducted by an Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).

Findings of the Survey

  • 93.1 per cent of households in rural India have access to toilets during the survey period and 96.5 per cent of those who had access to toilets uses them.
  • The Survey re-confirmed the open defecation free (ODF) status of 90.7 per cent villages which were declared so by various districts and states and remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 per cent.
  • 95.4 per cent of the villages surveyed were found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.

Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin

As per the data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which is the implementing ministry of Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, about 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open. As a result, the number of people defecating in open is down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.

Under the Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin,  9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under the Mission. Under the Mission over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.