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Author Svetlana Alexievich of Belarus has been selected for prestigious 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The Swedish Academy has selected Svetlana for her polyphonic writings, courage and a monument to suffering.
With this she became 14th women Literature Laureate and she is also the first writer from Belarus to receive this award.
About Svetlana Alexievich
- She was born on 31 May 1948 in the Ukrainian town of Ivano-Frankivsk.
- She had studied journalism at the University of Minsk between 1967 and 1972.
- Later she worked as a journalist for several years and published her first book War’s Unwomanly Face in 1985.
- Using her journalistic skills, she has created a literature chronicling the great tragedies of
World War II, Soviet Union and its collapse, Soviet war in Afghanistan and 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
- Her best-known works: Voices from Chernobyl (2005), Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from the
Afghanistan War (1992),
- Awards: reviously, she had won the Swedish PEN prize in 2007 for her courage and dignity as a writer.
Takaaki Kajita (Japan) and Arthur B. McDonald (Canada) have jointly won the prestigious 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has selected them for their key contributions to experiments showing that neutrinos change identities. They individually have discovered neutrino oscillations and shown that neutrinos have mass.
Mr. McDonald is a professor emeritus at Queen’s University in Kingston, Canada. He had led a research group which had demonstrated that the neutrinos from the Sun were not disappearing on their way to Earth. The group had captured these neutrinos with a different identity at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (Canada).
Takaaki Kajita is from the University of Tokyo, Japan. He had discovered that neutrinos from the atmosphere switch between two identities when they reach earth and after were captured by Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector (Japan).
- Neutrinos were first proposed by Swiss scientist Wolfgang Pauli in 1930. They are electrically neutral, weakly interacting elementary subatomic particle with half-integer spin.
- They are the second most widely occurring particle in the universe after photons which are the particles makingg up light.
- It belongs to the lepton family. There are three types of neutrinos: electron neutrinos (ve), muon neutrinos(vu) and tau neutrinos(vT) differing in terms of mass.