swiss bank Current Affairs - 2020
Under the new Automatic Information Exchange pact, India received its first tranche of Swiss Bank Account details. India hence is legally one among 75 countries with which the Switzerland Federal Tax Administration (SFTA) has exchanged information. The next exchange of information will take place in September 2020. This is because according to international agreement, the information exchange has to happen within nine months after the end of the calendar year. By which the next information exchange will take place by September 2020.
The SFTA said that it collected information from around 7,500 institutions. It has the largest exchange program with Germany of all other countries.
Automatic Information Exchange Pact
The pact was a major milestone in Indian Government’s fight against black money. The pact came into existence in 2017. The Swiss banks through the pact agreed to exchange information with countries abroad. The objective of the pact is to make tax evasion possible. The member countries OECD, G20 and other important financial centers were committed to implement the pact.
According to the pact, the Swiss bank shares the information of the accounts to the domestic tax officials. They then share the information to the pact’s partner country.
Significance of the pact
The data received will help India establishing strong prosecuting cases against those who have unaccounted wealth. There are minimum of 100 cases that were closed before 2018 for which Swiss will now share details with India.
It is believed that many Indians have closed their accounts after Swiss Government adopted the law due to international pressure. The details that are to be collected from Swiss Government includes mostly of business men who have now settled in South – East Asian, African, UK and other South American countries.