Switzerland Current Affairs - 2019

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2019 Edelman Trust Barometer report: Key Facts

The 2019 Edelman Trust Barometer report by the Edelman Intelligence has been released.

Edelman Trust Barometer report: Global Trust Index

The Edelman Trust Barometer report is an international study based on the opinions of elites that focuses on the principles of trust in business, government, media and NGOs. Based on the findings the report calculates the Global Trust Index. The key findings from the report are:

  • The Global Trust Index witnessed a marginal increase of 3 points to 52.
  • India is among the most trusted nations globally when it comes to government, business, NGOs and media but the country’s brands are among the least-trusted.
  • India stood at the second place in the informed public category and third place in the general population category.
  • The index has been topped by China in both the informed public and the general population segments, with scores of 79 and 88 respectively.
  • Companies headquartered in Switzerland, Germany and Canada were the most trusted ones.
  • Also, the brands from Switzerland, Germany and Canada have a trust score of 70 each while that of Japan is 69 per cent.
  • Companies headquartered in India, Mexico and Brazil are the least trusted, followed by China and South Korea.
  • There is a growing feeling of pessimism about the future, with only one-in-three mass population respondents in the developed world believing his or her family would be better off in the next five years.
  • Just one-in-five believe the system is working for them and 70 per cent desire change.
  • Despite a full-employment economy, fear of job loss remains high among the general population.
  • Search and traditional media have a score of 66 each, while the score of social media is 44 per cent when it comes to reliable sources for news.

These findings are based on an online survey in 27 markets covering over 33,000 respondents.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC


World’s fastest, shortest laser pulse created

Scientists from ETH Zurich in Switzerland have successfully created the world’s shortest X-ray laser pulse with duration of just 43 attoseconds (1×10−18 of a second). This laser pulse is the shortest controlled event that has ever been created by humans.


Laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. It is highly coherent, unidirectional beam of perfectly monochromatic light. It has greater energy than normal light. It is used in range of application like sensors, optical communication sources etc.


Using this laser pulse, researchers can now observe in high detail how electrons movement within molecule and fully understand dynamics during chemical reaction. This laser can also help in attosecond spectroscopy, by contributing development of more efficient solar cells by observing the process of excitation through sunlight up to the generation of electricity step by step.

Moreover, a detailed understanding of charge transfer pathway using it can also help in optimizing the efficiency of next generation of photosensitive elements. Using this laser pulse, chemical reactions can also be directly manipulated by altering course of reaction even chemical bonds can be broken by stopping charge shift at certain location in molecule.

Month: Categories: Science & Technology