Switzerland Current Affairs - 2019
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According to a survey by corruption watchdog Transparency International, India is positioned at 94th place on corruption index which ranked 177 countries. Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia are viewed as the world’s most corrupt countries while Denmark and New Zealand have scored the best.
As per Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2013:
- India, with a score of 36 out of 100, ranked 94 on the index, above Pakistan at rank 127 but below China which stood at the 80th position.
- Globally, almost 70% of countries are found to have a “serious problem” with public servants on the take, and none of the 177 countries surveyed this year achieved a perfect score.
- Performance of countries like Syria, Libya and Mali which are ridden with war and conflicts deteriorated the most on the index.
- Bhutan ranked 31st, Sri Lanka 91, Nepal 116, Pakistan 127 and Bangladesh 136.
- In 2012, Bhutan was ranked 33rd, Sri Lanka at 79, Nepal 139, Pakistan 139 and Bangladesh 144.
- India remained stagnant at the same 94th spot both in 2013 and 2012.
- Among BRICS group, India is behind China (80th), South Africa and Brazil (both 72nd). It is, however, better than Russia (127th).
- Denmark and New Zealand have scored the best on the index.
- Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia are categorized as the world’s most corrupt.
Top 10 least corrupt countries in the world, according to the CPI 2013:
- New Zealand (tied with Denmark for No. 1)
- Sweden (tied with Finland for No. 3)
- Singapore (tied with Norway for No. 5)
- Canada (tied with Australia for No. 9)
NATO held Cyber Coalition 2013: Largest-ever cyber-exercises to practise averting large-scale, simultaneous cyber attacks on member states and their allies. The drill was hosted by National Defence College training center in Tartu, Estonia.
Objective: Cyber Coalition an exercise with technical components to give its participants a good learning about NATO’s Cyber Defence capabilities, identify areas for improvement within the NATO-wide Cyber Defence community. It also aims to better the capability, cooperation and information sharing between NATO and NATO nations and partners in cyber defence via mode of education, research and development, lessons learnt.
Who all participated in Cyber Coalition 2013?
Representatives of 27 nations and NATO partners from Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Ireland and Finland participated in the drill. New Zealand and the European Union took part as observers. A total of 400 people participated, including government, legal and IT experts. Participants put their skills to the test to show how they would respond to a cyber attack.
About Cyber Defence Exercises
- Objective: Cyber defence exercises allows its participants to learn and test the skills needed to fend off a real attack.
- First exercise: 2008, a joint between Swedish and Estonian universities.
- Second Exercise: Baltic Cyber Shield (2010), organised by Swedish National Defence College (SNDC), various Swedish institutions and the Estonian Cyber Defence League.
- Since 2012, the exercise series is called Locked Shields.
Locked Shields 2013
- Took place in the end on April 2013
- Blue Teams were part of an international coalition forces in unstable country called Boolea.
- Locked Shields (CDx) is a real-time network defence exercise
- CDx has a game-based approach which means that no organisation will play their real-life role and the scenario is fictional.
- Exercise organised by NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence together with its partners.
- Technical support by Cisco, Clarified Networks, Clarified Security and Bytelife.