Taxation Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into 200th Unilateral Advance Pricing Agreement (UAPA) after it singed one in April 2018. With the signing of this, CBDT has achieved another milestone of having signed its 200th UAPA. The total number of APAs entered into by CBDT so far has gone up to 220, which include 20 Bilateral APAs. The UAPA entered in April, 2018 pertains to provision of sourcing support services.
Advance Pricing Agreement
APA scheme launched by Government endeavours to provide certainty to taxpayers in domain of transfer pricing by specifying methods of pricing and setting prices of international transactions in advance. Its provision was introduced in Income-tax Act, 1961 in 2012 and Rollback provisions to it were introduced in 2014.
The scheme gives certainty to MNCs that agree on certain principles in valuation of their cross-border transactions. It also provides them with alternate dispute resolution mechanism with respect to transfer pricing. It helps in determining arm’s length price of international transactions in advance for max period of 5 future years.
The scheme aims to strengthen Government’s resolve of fostering non-adversarial tax regime. It has significantly contributed towards improving ease of doing business in India and has been appreciated nationally and internationally for being able to address complex transfer pricing issues in a fair and transparent manner.
The E-Way Bill system for Intra-State movement of goods was rolled out in five more states‑Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh. The E-Way Bill system for all inter-State movement of goods valued over Rs 50,000 was rolled-out from 1st April 2018. At that time, Karnataka was only state which had rolled out e-way bill system for intra-state movement of goods. The roll-out of e-Way Bill system in these States will facilitate trade and industry so far as the transport of goods is concerned. This will also help in paving way for nation-wide single e-Way Bill system
The e-way bill provision of the goods and services tax (GST) was first introduced on February 2018. It is touted as an anti-evasion measure and will help boost tax collections by clamping down on trade that currently happens on cash basis. However, its implementation was put on hold after system developed technical glitches in generating permits. With several states also starting to generate intra-state e-way bills on portal, the system developed snag. Since then, the platform was made more robust so that it can handle load of as many as 75 lakh inter-state e-way bills daily without any glitch.
E-way bill is an electric document generated on the GST Portal, which is a common and shared information technology (IT) infrastructure between the Centre and States; and acts as evidence for movement of goods. A company or an entity can upload relevant information prior to movement of a goods consignment from one state to another. Subsequently, the E-way bill for that consignment is generated via the GST portal. It may be noted that such a mechanism helps reduce the burden of tax collection under the GST regime and it is only applicable to transport of goods amounting to more than Rs 50,000 in value.