TB Current Affairs - 2019
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India accounts for about a quarter of the global TB burden. India has set the target to eliminate Tuberculosis in India by 2025. To evolve a strategy in this regard, India has put in place National Strategic Plan 2017 – 2025 which sets out the government plans of how the elimination of TB can be achieved.
What does the Elimination of a disease stand for?
Elimination of a disease is defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as there should be less than 1 case of TB for a population of a million people.
Step Forwards in 2018
As a step towards eliminating TB, India has made following progress in 2018:
- In 2018, 5, 36,752 TB patients have been notified from the private sector. There has been a 40% increase in TB notification from the private sector as compared to 2017.
- 44,517 (8%) TB patients were given anti-TB drugs from the programme.
- As per State reports till 25.01.2019, 40% notified TB patients, 35% treatment supporters and 8% private practitioners have been paid incentives through DBT.
Elimination of Tuberculosis
The government has envisioned following strategic steps to eliminate TB by 2025:
- A partnership with the private sector has been envisaged under Joint Effort for Elimination of Tuberculosis (JEET) for the elimination of TB by 2025, five years ahead of the global schedule.
- To increase the reporting from the private sector, public-private support agency approach has been initiated.
- Indian Medial Association has been roped in for large scale sensitization and advocacy with private practitioners with standardised digital material.
- States have been supplied anti-TB drugs to provide for TB patients notified from private sector based on demand.achieve
- States have been guided to keep programme provided anti-TB drugs at private practitioner’s clinic or pharmacy
- To ensure the TB patients are not deprived of DBT benefit flexibility to provide the benefit through the existing bank account of a blood relative has been given.
- States have also been advised to facilitate opening of zero balance accounts for TB patients, if necessary, under the PradhanMantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) and Indian Postal Bank.
The Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey has stated in parliament that government is committed to achieve the target of TB elimination by 2025 and not considering any revision in targets.
Indian Health Fund: 4 innovators selected for early detection of TB, malaria by Tata Trust and The Global Fund
Tata Trust and The Global Fund backed Indian Health Fund (IHF) has chosen four innovators for early detection of tuberculosis (TB), malaria to effectively tackle these eradicate diseases. Three selected innovators are related to TB and one to malaria. They were selected from proposals received for its second Request for Proposals.
The aim for selecting these innovators aims at leveraging technology for improving early detection and prompt treatment along with promoting diagnostics feasible for primary health care facilities. It also aims to supporting national efforts to effectively tackle eradicate these diseases which is crucial health challenges in India. Government has set a target of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. India contributes to 27% of the global TB burden and 68% of all malaria cases in the Southeast Asia region
Indian Health Fund (IHF)
IHF was launched in 2016 by Tata Trusts in collaboration with The Global Fund, to drive innovations towards key infectious disease challenges in India. It supports individuals and organisations with already germinated innovative strategies, services, products, such that they become sustainable and scalable solutions in addressing TB and malaria. The initiative is not a fellowship programme to do research from scratch. It is long-term exercise aligned with country’s goal of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. It will promote innovative solutions such that they are widely accessible and are affordable.