Technology Transfer Current Affairs - 2020

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India-Africa Defence Ministers Conclave at DefExpo for first time

For the first time, in the history of DefExpo, India and Africa are to discuss their defence relations. The India-Africa Defence Conclave is to be held on February 6, 2020. Around 24 Defence Ministers are to participate in the conclave.


India’s largest Defence Exhibition is to be held in Lucknow between February 5, 2020 and February 8, 2020. During the exhibition, India showcases its existing and new defence technologies to the world. As a part of the event, the India-Africa Defence Conclave is to be held.

This year more than 1000 companies have registered at the Defexpo. Last year, when the Defexpo was held in Chennai, around 702 companies had registered.


So far, the eastern and Southern African countries alone have shown interests in defence ties with India. However, the novelty of this conclave is that the western African countries are expected to come forward.

India has so far partnered with Nigeria, Zambia, Ghana, Botswana, Ethiopia, Namibia, Mozambique and Uganda in Defence sector. India has helped several African countries to set up their military post-Colonial rule. India had set up defence college in Nigeria, military academy in Ethiopia, air force in Ghana.

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India-US 2+2 Dialogue held at Washington

On December 18, 2019 India and United States held security dialogue in Washington. This was their second 2+2 dialogue.


The countries signed industrial security agreement allowing defense technology transfer. The US secretary Mike Pompeo and defence secretary Mark Esper hosted the meeting for Indian external affairs minister Shri Jai Shankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.

The countries signed agreements on space exploration and defence cooperation. Three agreements under Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) were signed that will help in co-developing critical technologies. They also discussed on the efforts put in by the countries together for a free, open and prosperous Indo-Pacific with ASEAN at the centre.

The leaders also reached MoU on water resources. The agreement will be signed between India’s Ministry of Jal Shakti and US Geological Survey on quality assessment and management of water.

The countries signed Industrial Security Annex that will enhance technology transfer and information exchange

Industrial Security Annex

The Industrial Security Annex is a part of General Security of Military Information Agreement. The ISA will provide a framework to pursue and co-develop linkages in defence manufacturing. It will also add value to Make in India initiative. It will also help in developing manufacturing corridors that have been launched in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

The first 2+2 dialogue was held in New Delhi in September 2018.

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