Telangana Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Rapid spread of Dengue fever in Telangana

In the last 10 days, around 1,700 cases of Dengue were reported in multiple districts of Telangana. The state received rains for few days that washed away the mosquito larvae collected in dumps and stagnant water.

Causes

Changes in rainfall pattern, rise in humidity level and long spell of warmer temperatures are the main reasons for the recent outspread of Dengue in Telangana. The state is urbanizing at a faster rate after the partition, the construction projects like Amaravati (the capital city being built) have increased. The state Government estimates over 50% of the Telangana population will reside in urban areas by 2023

With unplanned construction projects dumping of discarded objects and stagnation of water have made Telangana conducive for spread of dengue and Chikungunya.

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a vector borne disease transmitted by female Aedes mosquito according to WHO. It is caused by the Dengue virus that belongs to the Flavivirus.

Strains of Dengue

There are 4 strains of Dengue namely DEN – 1, DEN – 2, DEN – 3, DEN – 4. When a person becomes infected with one strain and treated, he becomes immune to that particular strain of virus. However, there are possibilities for him to get infected by other strains.

Occurrence

The virus is present in India, south east Asia, China, South America, Africa, Pacific Islands, Mexico and Caribbean. At the rest of the world, Dengue has been eliminated.

Measures of India to control Dengue

  • The disease is monitored, controlled and treated under the program National Vector Borne Disease Control Program. The program covers the following
    • National Anti-Malaria program
    • Japanese Encephalitis Control Program
    • Kala – Azar Control Program
    • National Filaria Control Program
    • Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever
  • National Dengue Day is observed on May 16 every year by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Bathukamma-2019: The Telangana Flower Festival begins

Bathukamma, the flower festival of Telangana, is being celebrated in state’s Warangal district. The nine-day long festival of flowers will be celebrated from 29 September to 6 October 2019. Bathukamma marks the beginning of Sharath Ruthu and it is widely celebrated by young girls and women.

About Bathukamma

What is Bathukamma?

The ‘Bathukammas’ are basically the cone shaped flower stack, at street corners and temples in the city. Women and young girls dances around these Bathukammas to shower their offerings. These Bathukammas’ are then later immerse in water.

The festival is celebrated towards the end of monsoon and heralds the abundance that nature has to offer. The festival begins on day of Mahalaya Amavasya, and is celebrated with much fanfare for 9 days.

Why is Bathukama Celebrated?

This floral festival is to pray to the Goddess for health and achievements of each family. The word Bathukamma means- ‘Mother Goddess come to life’. The festival represents the culture and identity of people of Telangana and involves the worship of Maha Gauri – “Life Giver” in form of Gauri Devi (patron goddess of womanhood).

How is it celebrated?

Preparing a Bathukamma is a folk art and requires careful attention. On a brass plate, called as tambalan, flowers of different colours are carefully arranged in circular rows, one layer on top of other. The Bathukamma then gradually increases in size and looks more vibrant and colourful and is kept before family goddess and prayers are offered.  With the onset of evening, women, in their best attires, put Bathukamma in their courtyard and encircle around it, and then sing songs which creates an ambience of peace and harmony. Before dusk, they carry it on their heads and immerse it in water and later they share the ‘maleeda’ (a dessert made with sugar and corn bread) among friends.