Telangana Current Affairs

Andhra Pradesh Government formulates market intervention for red chilli farmers

The Andhra Pradesh state government has formulated guidelines for a market intervention exercise to help red chilli farmers in the state who are in a great distress due to the price crash in the market yard, which is the biggest in the state and the country.

As per the modalities of the scheme, chilli stocks with the farmers would be bought at the price fixed by the government and each farmer will get the additional benefit of Rs 1,500 per quintal, subject to a ceiling of 20 quintals. The price per quintal should not exceed Rs 8,000 inclusive of the Rs 1,500 per quintal being offered by the government. The scheme covers tenant farmers as well.

The state’s market intervention exercise will begin from April 20 and continue up to June 30 with a gap from May 12 to June 11 for the summer holidays.

Need

Price of Red Chilli dropped from a level of Rs 12,000-14,000 per quintal last year to below Rs 5,000 per quintal this year. This has caused huge distress among the farmers forcing the state government to initiate the market intervention exercise.

Red chillies

India accounts for 38% of global production of 18 lakh tonnes of red chillies. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana alone account for 50% of India’s production. The cost of producing the crop is very high. The farmers in Telangana shifted to chillies following the government’s advisory to shun cotton and look out for alternative crops.  In addition, favourable weather in the kharif season had also prompted farmers to grow red chillies in several areas.

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Telangana passes bill to hike reservations for Muslims and STs

The Telangana legislature has passed the Telangana Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutions and of Appointments or Posts in the Services under the State) Bill, 2017, that seeks to raise substantially the reservation for backward Muslims and scheduled tribes.

The new legislation will increase the reservation for socially and educationally backward Muslims from the existing 4% to 12% and for Scheduled Tribes from 6% to 10% taking the total quotas in government jobs and educational institutions in the state much beyond the 50 % ceiling set by the Supreme Court. The total quota in the state will now increase to 62%.

The bill will now be sent for obtaining President’s assent. Since the reservation goes beyond the 50% ceiling set by the Supreme Court, the state government wants the centre to include the bill in the 9th schedule of the Constitution which will preclude a judicial review. States like Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand already have reservations totalling more than 50 percent.

Reservation bills included in 9th Schedule of the Constitution protects it from judicial review. Ninth Schedule contains more than 250 legislations receiving protection from the judicial scrutiny. With the burgeoning laws which are placed under the Ninth Schedule, it has today become a constitutional dustbin and house for every controversial law passed by the government. For example, former PM Indira Gandhi made amendments to the Representation of Peoples Acts of 1951 and 1974 and placed in the Ninth Schedule along with the Election Laws Amendment Act, 1975 to make her election valid.

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