Telangana Current Affairs

Andhra Pradesh, Telangana top Ease of Doing Business list

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have jointly topped the Ease of Doing Business Reforms Ranking 2015-16.

The ranking of the states was conducted by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) and the World Bank.

How states were ranked?

  • States were ranked on their implementation of DIPP-proposed 340-point Business Reform Action Plan in period between July 2015 and June 2016.
  • They were rated based on their score in the per cent scale i.e. implementation rate regarding the 340 reform measures.
  • These 340 reform areas are broadly under six key categories: tax reforms, single-window systems, environment and labour reforms, construction permits, inspection reforms and commercial disputes and paper-less courts.
  • 32 States and UTs had submitted evidence of implementation of 7,124 reforms. These submissions were reviewed by the World Bank team and validated by the DIPP.

Key Highlights of the 2016 rankings

  • Top 10 states: Andhra Pradesh (Score 98.78%), Telangana (98.78%), Gujarat (98.21%), Chhattisgarh (97.32%), Madhya Pradesh (97.01%), Haryana (96.95%), Jharkhand (96.57%), Rajasthan (96.43%), Uttarakhand (96.13%) and Maharashtra (92.86).
  • The national implementation average of reforms stands at 48.93%, significantly higher than 2015 national average of 32. This demonstrates the great progress made by States in 2016.
  • Low-income States: Four of seven States with lowest income levels in India had found a place in top 10. All seven such lowest income levels states had an implementation rate of over 75%.
  • These low-income States included Chhattisgarh (97.32%, 4th rank), Madhya Pradesh (97.01%, 5th rank), Jharkhand (96.57%, 7th), Rajasthan (96.43% and 8th), Odisha (92.73%, 11th), Uttar Pradesh (84.52%, 14th), and Bihar (75.82%, 16th rank).
  • 12 states were ranked as leaders with 90-100% implementation record. 17 states and UTs, including Kerala, Goa and most north-eastern states, were ranked as laggards with 0-40% implementation record.

edb-statewise

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No relook into allocation of Krishna water: Tribunal

The Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal II (KWDT-II) headed by Justice Brijesh Kumar, has decided to maintain status quo on the allocation of Krishna River water among all four riparian states viz. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.  However, tribunal decided to confine the reallocation of Krishna water to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

What is the case?

The KWDT-II pronounced its judgement on the litigation prompted by Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Both states in their petition had sought fresh allocation of Krishna River water among all four riparian states. They had urged that Section 89 in the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 meant redistribution of Krishna water among all the four riparian States not just between both of them.

What was KWDT-II verdict?

In its verdict, the tribunal said that Section 89 the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 was not applicable to all four riparian states but is meant only for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Thus, there was no need to re-allocate of Krishna River water among all four riparian states. The river water should be re-allocated between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, from the share of undivided Andhra Pradesh.

What is Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT)?

Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT) is a tribunal set up by the Central Government in 1969 under the Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956 to resolve the disputes between the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and then undivided Andhra Pradesh over sharing of Krishna river water.

About Krishna River

The Krishna River is the second biggest river in peninsular India after Goadavri River. It originates near Mahabaleshwar (Satara) in Maharashtra.  It then runs from four states Maharashtra (303 km), North Karnataka (480 km) and the rest of its 1300 km journey in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.

What are Water Disputes Tribunals?

  • As per the Article 262 of the Constitution, Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution or control of the waters of, any interstate rivers or river valley.
  • In pursuance of this article, the parliament had enacted Inter-State Water Disputes Act, 1956 to govern the inter-State river water disputes. Under this law, water disputes tribunals are constituted for the adjudication of the interstate water dispute.

Article 262 vs Article 131 of the Constitution

  • The Article 131 of the Constitution which deals with the Supreme Court’s exclusive jurisdiction to adjudicate disputes between States is not an unrestricted one.
  • The apex court can exercise its jurisdiction under Article 131 in an inter-State dispute, provided other Articles in the Constitution allowed it to do so.
  • Article 262 (2) of the Constitution allows Parliament, by law, to bar the Supreme Court from interfering in an inter-State water dispute.
  • It means that award of water tribunal appointed under a law to resolve inter-State water dispute would be final and deemed to have the force of a Supreme Court order or decree.
  • Thus, it can be said that the award of the tribunal formed under the Inter-State Water Disputes Act, 1956 eclipses the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction.

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