Temperature rise Current Affairs - 2020

UN’s IFAD Governing Council: Climate Change will push 100 millions to poverty

The Governing Council of International Fund for Agriculture let in Rome recently. The council says that by 2030 around 100 million people will be pushed to poverty. The council also said that this is mainly due to climate change impact on agriculture.

Highlights

The Government representatives and global development from all over the world attended the 43rd Governing Council of IFAD. The Council reported that around 90% of 17.2 million people displaced were due to climate-related disasters.

Suggestions

The council suggest that there is an urgent need to invest on rural development. This will help avoid the catastrophes arising due to climate change.

Other causes of Poverty

Apart from climate change, conflicts are the other major cause of poverty and hunger. The Council says that in Africa alone, the conflicts have risen by 36% between 2018 and 2019.

Effect on Agriculture

Disasters and Conflicts greatly affect agriculture. They stop agricultural production and stops millions from lifting themselves from their poor conditions.

The recent Locusts attacks in East Africa and West Asia are the best instances for climate change affecting agriculture. The locusts made longer stay as the temperatures were favourable for them. Usually, the cold drives them away. Due to increase in global temperature, they made longer stay.

Three million new jobs by 2030 to offset employment loss due to rising heat: ILO Report

International Labour Organization’s (ILO’s) World Employment and Social Outlook Report has that projected increase in surface temperature due to global warming will lead to around 2,59,000 job losses in India by 2030, especially in carbon-and resource-intensive industries.

Key Facts

According to report, global temperature rise of 1.5°C by end of 21st century will result in heat stress, which will reduce total number of working hours by 2030. It will also result in 5.3% rise work loss in percentage of total hours and productivity loss equivalent to 30.8 million full-time jobs. Environmental degradation will  affect job opportunities and also affect productivity, reduce total number of working hours.

But the loss of jobs due to global warming will be offset by creation of around 3 million jobs as India moves towards green economy by adopting sustainable practices, including changes in energy mix, projected growth in use of electric vehicles and increase in energy efficiency in existing and future buildings.

Agricultural workers will be worst affected due to temperature rise, accounting for loss of around 64% of working hours lost due to heat stress in India in 2030 in view of  physical nature of their work.  In India, an estimated 4.2% of total hours worked were lost in 1995 due to high heat levels, representing around 15.1 million full-time jobs. All the sectors except mining industry will experience increase in employment. Renewables sector will experience increase 1.5 million jobs, construction sector will see increase in 466,200 jobs and 285,200 new jobs in services.