Terrorism Current Affairs - 2020

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Islamic State claims responsible for Gunmen attack in Sikh Gurudwara, Kabul

On March 25, 2020, 11 people were killed in a terror attack that targeted a “Dharmashala” in Kabul. The Dharamshala is reported to have sizeable number of Hindu and Sikh minorities. The Islamic State Organization has claimed to take responsibility to the attack.

Highlights

Around 150 were praying in the Gurudwara when it was attacked. The Shor Bazar area of Kabul, where the attack took place was once home to several Gurudwaras. However, many were destroyed during fighting in 1980s.

What is the issue?

The Conflict between Afghan Muslims and Sikhs has routes to 18th century. The conflict began with series of wars between Islamic Durrani Empire in Afghanistan and Sikh Empire in Punjab. The conflicts existed since the days of Dal Khalsa. Dal Khalsa is a Sikh Army that operated in 18th century.

The Battle of Attock was the first war that took place between the 2 communities.

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GISAT 1: New Age Satellite to monitor India continuously to be launched on March 5

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is to launch GISAT 1 (Geo-Imaging Satellite) in order to watch Indian sub-continent continuously.

Highlights

The satellite is to be launched by the ISRO on March 5, 2020. The satellite is to be carried by GSLV-F10 rocket. The satellite weighs 2,275 kg and is to be placed in Geosynchronous orbit.

GISAT

GISAT is Geo-Information Satellite. The satellite is to do a full rotation of the earth and come to the same point every 2 hours. The satellite is capable of performing rapid surveillance and fast imaging. The ISRO has designed the satellite in such a way that if needed the satellite can observe a point for a longer duration.

This is the first satellite to be launched by ISRO in 2020. Following GISAT, 10 more satellites are to be launched to boost space surveillance power of the country. The satellites will also help in strengthening border security and control terrorist infiltration.

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