Terrorism Current Affairs - 2020

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India erects “steel fence” across Pakistan, Bangladesh border

India will erect non-cut steel fence in the sensitive areas of Pakistan and Bangladesh borders. The plan is being executed after security agencies have detected Afghan fighters along India-Pakistan border.

Highlights

The first steel fence is to be erected across 7-km stretch in Assam’s Silchar, the border across Bangladesh.  After erection, the border is to be analysed by the BSF (Border Security Force).  Based on the feedback of these fence implementation, more such fences are to be implemented. The implementation cost has been estimated as Rs 2 crores per kilo metre.

Apart from steel fences, there are plans to implement LASER fences across the two borders. In order to implement the projects, the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIMBMS) has been speeded up. The CIBMS operates under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Need

The presence of well-trained terrorists in the borders has increased. Therefore, it is important to secure the vulnerable infiltration spots along the border. Also, these vulnerable spots might be used by the terrorists to create trouble in the newly formed Union Territory.

Recent security measures

The GoI recently has implemented several security measures to guard its international border, especially after abrogating Article 370. Around a lakh of Central Armed Forces were deployed in Kashmir. Government also mapped infiltration prone areas along the two borders. In 2018, the BSF mapped and identified vulnerable spots in three-staged exercise.

NIA hosts the first counter terrorism exercise for Quad Countries

The National Investigation Agency will host the first “Counter Terrorism Exercise” between November 21, 2019 and November 22, 2019. The CT-TTX, Counter Terrorism Table Top Exercise will exercise the Quad countries namely India, Japan, US and Australia.

Highlights

The exercise will validate and assess the counter terrorism mechanisms and will provide opportunities to explore areas of enhanced cooperation and will also share their best practices against emerging terrorism threats. It will also enhance the cooperation between the countries in terms of counter terrorism.

Quad Countries

The dialogue between the four countries was initiated in 2007 by the Japanese President Shinzo Abe. The first ministerial level negotiations of the grouping were held in September 2019, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly meeting.

The aim of the grouping is to share commitment towards countering terrorism, disaster relief, humanitarian assistance, maritime cooperation and cyber security

The Quad Dialogue was revived in 2017 with tensions increased in South China Sea. The countries formed new territorial ambitions especially focusing on China’s increasing influence in the South China sea and in the Indian Ocean.

Significance

The Grouping is one of the best avenues for interaction between India, Japan, Australia and US in terms of maritime security and domain awareness. It is the best platform for the countries to share notes and collaborate on projects on mutual interest.