Terrorism Current Affairs - 2019

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NIA hosts the first counter terrorism exercise for Quad Countries

The National Investigation Agency will host the first “Counter Terrorism Exercise” between November 21, 2019 and November 22, 2019. The CT-TTX, Counter Terrorism Table Top Exercise will exercise the Quad countries namely India, Japan, US and Australia.

Highlights

The exercise will validate and assess the counter terrorism mechanisms and will provide opportunities to explore areas of enhanced cooperation and will also share their best practices against emerging terrorism threats. It will also enhance the cooperation between the countries in terms of counter terrorism.

Quad Countries

The dialogue between the four countries was initiated in 2007 by the Japanese President Shinzo Abe. The first ministerial level negotiations of the grouping were held in September 2019, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly meeting.

The aim of the grouping is to share commitment towards countering terrorism, disaster relief, humanitarian assistance, maritime cooperation and cyber security

The Quad Dialogue was revived in 2017 with tensions increased in South China Sea. The countries formed new territorial ambitions especially focusing on China’s increasing influence in the South China sea and in the Indian Ocean.

Significance

The Grouping is one of the best avenues for interaction between India, Japan, Australia and US in terms of maritime security and domain awareness. It is the best platform for the countries to share notes and collaborate on projects on mutual interest.

October 24: UN Day

The UN Day marks the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. However, the day is being commemorated since 1948. In 1971, UN recommended that the day be observed as public holiday by member nations.

Next year, October 24, 2020 UN completes its journey of successful 75 years. In order mark the anniversary, UN has launched “UN75: 2020 and Beyond-Shaping our future together”. The celebrations are being begun this year. Throughout the year, UN will hold meetings with nations and will invite them to participate in its collective action to realize peace, development and human rights for all.

Highlights

  • From January 2020, UN will hold dialogues around the world.
  • It will work towards the aim of reaching global public, listen to their hopes and fears and learn from their experiences.
  • UN75 will undertake global opinion polling, internet analysis to collate robust, representative and comparative data.
  • It will also collect video and audio recordings with testimonials from people who have participated in illustrating people’s views and ideas.

Need of the commemoration

In many countries public trust in traditional institutions are declining. The relations between the countries are under strain. Apart from this, tackling issues like climate crisis, new patterns of violence, inequality, major changes in population and technology requires cooperation across borders, sectors and generations.

The SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) help solve above solutions. As an international organization, it is essential for the United Nations to bring the world together to achieve this.