Terrorism Current Affairs - 2020

What is “The Resistance Front” in news frequently?

“The Resistance Front” is the new name of terror group in Kashmir. The group is made of existing terror groups such as Jais-e-Mohammad, Hizbul Mujahidin, LeT (Lashkar-e-Taiba) and Al-Badr.

The Resistance Front has claimed responsibility for the attack in Kupwara district along the Line of Control on April 5, 2020, where 5 army personnel were killed.

Highlights

According to the Indian Army, The Resistance Front (TRF) is like the old wine in new bottle! The new terror group is being supported by Pakistan. This is being done to get deniability of action under the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Pakistan has been under constant pressure from the FATF to cut its financial support to the terrorist organizations.

How is TRF operating?

The TRF has an active online presence. It is now a rebranded terror group as a non-religious rebellion. It uses Haqqani and Jaish-e-Mohammad in Afghanistan to target Indian Embassy and other consulates.

The TRF has clear imprints of ISI (Islamic State of Iraq) in its operation.

Background

The TRF has come up in the Kashmir region after Indian Government had abrogated Article 370. It is to be noted that the TRF has owned responsibility for the first grenade attack on October, 2019 after scrapping Article 370. Recently, in March 2020, the Kashmir police arrested 6 terrorists who claimed themselves to be part of the TRF.

Islamic State claims responsible for Gunmen attack in Sikh Gurudwara, Kabul

On March 25, 2020, 11 people were killed in a terror attack that targeted a “Dharmashala” in Kabul. The Dharamshala is reported to have sizeable number of Hindu and Sikh minorities. The Islamic State Organization has claimed to take responsibility to the attack.

Highlights

Around 150 were praying in the Gurudwara when it was attacked. The Shor Bazar area of Kabul, where the attack took place was once home to several Gurudwaras. However, many were destroyed during fighting in 1980s.

What is the issue?

The Conflict between Afghan Muslims and Sikhs has routes to 18th century. The conflict began with series of wars between Islamic Durrani Empire in Afghanistan and Sikh Empire in Punjab. The conflicts existed since the days of Dal Khalsa. Dal Khalsa is a Sikh Army that operated in 18th century.

The Battle of Attock was the first war that took place between the 2 communities.