Thailand Current Affairs - 2020

Sri Lanka and Maldives becomes the First Two Countries from South-East Asia Region of WHO to Eliminate Both Rubella and Measles

Geneva-based World Health Organization (WHO) has announced on 8th July 2020 that Sri Lanka and the Maldives have eliminated Rubella Virus. With this, Sri Lanka and the Maldives became the first two countries from the South East Asia Region of WHO to have successfully eliminated both the Measles and Rubella Virus.

Measles Virus Eliminated by 5 Countries from the Region

In 2017-18, Bhutan, Timor-Leste, North Korea and the Maldives were the four countries from the South-East Asia Region of the WHO to successfully eliminate Measles Virus. In July 2019, Sri Lanka became the third nation from the South-East Asia Region of WHO to eliminate Measles.

The target year set by the WHO for eliminating Measles from the South-East Asia Region is 2023 (earlier was 2020, Revised in September 2019 to 2023).

Rubella Virus Eliminated by 2 Countries from the Region

Sri Lanka and Maldives the first two countries from the South-East Asia Region of the WHO to achieve the target.

The target year set by the WHO for eliminating Rubella Virus from the South-East Asia Region is 2023.

WHO South-East Asia Region

There are a total of 11 countries in the WHO’s South-East Asia Region. They are India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Maldives, Myanmar, North Korea, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, and Nepal.

President Inaugurates Dhamma Chakra Day 2020 Celebrations

In partnership with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), the Union Ministry of Culture will be organizing the celebrations for the Dhamma Chakra Day on Asadha Poornima on the 4th of July 2020. The celebrations for the day were inaugurated from the Rashtrapati Bhawan at New Delhi by the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind.

Every year on the first full moon day in the month of July is celebrated as Dhamma Chakra Day. The first full moon day of July is called Asadha Poornima in India, Esala Poya in Sri Lanka and Asanha Bucha in Thailand.

After Buddha Poornima or Vesak, Dhamma Chakra Day is the second most sacred day in Buddhism.

Dhamma Chakra Day

The day is celebrated all over the world to commemorate the first sermon that Gautama Buddha gave to his five ascetic disciples (five monks). Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon on the day on the full moon in the month of Asadha (Asadha means the month of July). The first sermon by Gautama Buddha is recorded in Buddhist text- Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta.

Gautama Buddha gave the first sermon at the Deer Park in Rsipatana (present-day Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh).

Celebrations for the Day

This year the celebrations will be conducted virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.  President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the day’s celebration virtually at 9 am from Rashtrapati Bhawan.

In association with the Bodh Gaya Temple Management Committee and Mahabodhi Society of India, the events from Mulagandha Kuti Vihara in Sarnath and Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya can be live-streamed at the Youtube Channel named- IBC World.