Tiger Conservation Current Affairs - 2019
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According to recent survey, only 13% of tiger conservation areas that are part of Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) Partnership meet global standards. The survey was conducted over hundred tiger conservation areas by 11 leading conservation organisations and countries with tiger ranges that are part of CA|TS Partnership.
The surveyed area is home to approximately 70% of the world’s wild tigers. The survey found that at least one-third of tiger conservation these areas are severely at risk of losing their tigers and most of these sites are in Southeast Asia.
Two-thirds of surveyed area is reported fair to strong management, but their basic needs such as encroachment against poaching, engaging local communities and managing conflict between people and wildlife remained weak for all surveyed areas.
Despite poaching being one of greatest threats faced by big cats, 85% of the areas surveyed do not have the staff capacity to patrol sites effectively. 61% of areas in Southeast Asia have very limited anti-poaching enforcement.
Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) Partnership
CA|TS is set of criteria that allow tiger sites (conservation areas) to check if their management will lead to successful tiger conservation. It was officially launched in 2013 and was developed by tiger and protected area experts. It is organised under seven pillars and 17 elements of critical management activity. Its mission is to secure safe havens for wild tigers. It is important part of Tx2, WWF’s global tiger programme that aims to double wild tiger numbers by the year 2022.
The International Tiger Day (also known as Global Tiger Day) is celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness for tiger conservation. The goal of observance of the day is to promote the protection and expansion of the wild tigers habitats and to gain support through awareness for tiger conservation.
On this occasion, special programmes are being organized all over the globe by many international organisations including the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature), the IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare) etc. organized events.
The International Tiger Day was founded in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit. The summit had issued St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation with an aim to double the big cat population by 2022. The tiger is the largest of the world’s big cats with its distinctive orange and black stripes and beautifully marked face.
It is has been founded that in the last century 97% of all wild tigers had disappeared due to many factors including habitat loss, hunting and poaching, climate change. According to WWF, only 3,890 tigers are left in the world, of them, India with more than 2500 tigers has the highest number.