Tiger Reserves Current Affairs - 2019
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Maharashtra Cabinet has approved Shyamaprasad Mukherjee Jan Van Vikas Scheme for for development of villages around tiger reserves.
The scheme will be launched on project basis from 2015-16 to 2019-2020 and has been proposed by State Forest Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar.
Facts about Shyamaprasad Mukherjee Jan Van Vikas
Aim: Comprehensive development of villages in and around the buffer zones of tiger reserves.
Objective: To achieve sustainable development of these villages and reduce the man-animal conflict.
The scheme will reduce the dependence of villagers on the forest. It will also boost the supplementary businesses to farming activities and create alternative employment possibilities to the villagers in these areas.
Facts: Melghat, Tadoba, Pench, Sahyadri, Nawegaon-Nagzira and Bor are 6 Tiger Reserves loacted in Maharashtra. Except Sahyadri Tiger Reserve, remaining are located in Vidarbha region of state.
The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has given in-principle approval for creation of Guru Ghasidas-Tamor Pingla tiger reserve in Chhattisgarh. The NTCA in this regard has sought a final proposal from the Chhattisgarh state administration.
Guru Ghasidas national park lies between two important tiger reserves- Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh) and Palamau (Jharkhand) and is also contiguous with the Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserve (Madhya Pradesh).
- In June 2011, the proposal to declare Guru Ghasidas National Park as a tiger reserve was proposed by the then Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests Jairam Ramesh to Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh.
- The proposal was made after the area was surveyed by the Wildlife Institute of India in 2010.
- The survey had clearly mentioned that, though the prey population in the habitat is low at present, it has considerable diversity. Therefore, with good management and protection under Project Tiger, the area has a potential for supporting a viable tiger population along with the Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserve.
At present, Chhattisgarh has three tiger reserves- Indravati, Udanti-Sitanadi and Achanakmar. According to an NTCA, these reserves have 26 tigers as per Tiger census of 2010.