Tobacco Current Affairs - 2020

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WHO report: Cancer Cases to increase by 81% in 2040

While the world marked World Cancer Day on February 4, 2020, the World Health Organization released its report on Cancer.

Highlights

According to the report, the cancer cases will increase by 81% by 2040. This is mainly due to lack of investment. The report says that it is essential to invest 25 billion USD in the next decade to save millions of lives.

The treatment for cancer in developed countries has brought down the mortality rate due to cancer by 20%. However, in poorer countries the reduction was merely 5%.

The report also says that 25% of cancer deaths were due to tobacco consumption.

Tobacco in India

According to WHO, there are 120 million smokers in India. This is 12% of world smoker. The number of tobacco smokers in India grew by 36% between 1998 and 2015.

National Tobacco Control Programme

The Programme is currently being implemented in 612 districts. It aims at bringing awareness about tobacco control laws and harmful effects of tobacco usage.

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National Calamity Contingent Duty increased in Budget-Concerns of Tobacco institute

The Budget 2020-21 that was presented by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman increased the National Calamity Contingent Duty.  The imposed duty is expected to witness price rise of 7% in the sales of cigarettes.

What is NCCD?

The NCCD is tax imposed on pan masala, cigarettes, cellular phones and other tobacco products. It was introduced under Finance Act, 2001

Concerns

The Tobacco Institute of India believes that increasing the NCCD will incentivize illegal cigarette trading in the country. Currently, the illegal cigarettes account to one-fourth of the Indian Cigarette market.

National Calamity contingent Fund (NCCF)

The Fund was proposed by the 11th Finance Commission. It has a core corpus of Rs 500 crores. The fund is replenished through National Calamity Contingent Duty. Since April 2010, the NCCF has been merged with the National Disaster Response Fund.

The assistance from the NCCF is only for immediate relief and cannot be used for restoration of damaged infrastructure.

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