Transparency International Current Affairs - 2019
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India was ranked 81st among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2017 released by NGO Transparency International. India has dropped by two ranks from 79th slot in CPI 2016. It scored 40 on the scale
CPI ranks countries on a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean) based on their perceived levels of corruption in the public sector. The index is compiled by using data of World Bank, World Economic Forum (WEF) and other institutions,
Key Highlights of CPI 2017
New Zealand and Denmark were ranked as cleanest countries in 2017 CPI list as in 2016, with scores of 89 and 88, respectively. Syria, South Sudan and Somalia were ranked as most corrupt countries with scores of 14, 12 and 9, respectively. Countries with poorest protection for press and (NGOs were placed at the lowest ranks on the index.
CPI characterised India as among worst regional offenders in Asia Pacific region on grounds of journalists, activists, opposition leaders and even staff of law enforcement or watchdog agencies being threatened or even murdered. India was clubbed with Philippines and Maldives. Pakistan with score of 32 and China with 41 were perceived more corrupt than India.
Among BRICS, Russia is most corrupt than other three counties with a score of 29. South Africa ranked at 71st, after it dropped by seven places compared to CPI 2016.
According to recent survey released by Transparency International (TI), India had highest bribery rate among the 16 Asia-Pacific countries surveyed between July 2015 and January 2017.
The survey was conducted among more than 21,000 people in the region. It revealed that more than one in four people, when accessing basic services like medicine, education or water.
Key Highlights of the Survey
- Countries having highest incidence of bribery: 69% of the study group in India said that they have paid a bribe, done a favour or given a gift to receive services.
- Vietnam follows this suit with 65%, Thailand 41% and Pakistan 40%. China reported a much lower 26%.
- Countries having lowest incidence of bribery: Japan had the lowest incidence of bribery at 0.2% followed by South Korea and Australia recorded 3% each, Hong Kong 2% and Taiwan 6%.
- India related facts: Nearly seven in 10 people who had accessed public services in the country have payed bribe.
- 46% to 60% of Indians said they have paid bribes for various public services, including in public schools and hospitals, getting IDs, voter cards and permits and accessing utilities and police and court services as well.
- Institution wise facts: Police, a key law and order institution suffer most from corruption. Nearly two in five people in the region mentioned the police were mostly or entirely corrupt (39%).
- They also perceived political decision-makers at both the national and local level to be highly corrupt. Legislative representatives, officials and local councillors were also highly corrupt (from 35 to 37%).
- Religious leaders were seen as far cleaner, with fewer than one in five were highly corrupt (18%).
About Transparency International (TI)
TI is an international non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany. Its purpose is to take action to combat corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption. It publishes annually Corruption Perceptions Index and Global Corruption Barometer