Transportation Current Affairs - 2020

India joins select club nations to build LNG ships

India has joined select club nations to build Liquefied natural gas (LNG) ships after state owned Cochin Shipyard has received certification in this regard.

Cochin Shipyard also became first shipyard in India to get the nod to build LNG-transporting ships for any client world-wide.

Key facts

  • In this regard, Cochin Shipyard has signed a license agreement with French technology company Gaztransport & Technigaz (GTT).
  • GTT holds patented technology for LNG ships and provides the certification in design engineering and membrane-type containment systems for the transportation and storage of LNG.
  • GTT would provide technology for the cryogenic containment and handling system which is most critical part of an LNG ship as the LNG is carried at a temperature of -163 degrees.
  • This license agreement authorises Cochin Shipyard to use the membrane type technologies of GTT for any liquid gas carriers, more particularly the LNG carriers.

With this India joins the league other nations including South Korea, Japan and China building LNG transportation ships. It also opens a new chapter in ship-building technology in India and marks a big step for Make in India.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App

Cabinet approves amendments to The National Waterways Bill, 2015

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval to carry out official amendments in The National Waterways Bill, 2015.

The amendments seek to add 106 additional inland waterways as the national waterways based on the recommendations Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture and comments of State Governments.

Key facts

  • The National Waterways Bill, 2015 repeals the five Acts that declare the existing national waterways. These existing five national waterways are now covered under the Bill.
  • The enactment of this Act (Central legislation) will pave way for the inclusion of 106 additional inlands waterways.
  • Thus the total number of national waterways (NW) numbers will go up to 111 from existing five national waterways.
  • The changes made in former bill include omission of 10 waterways from Kerala. While 17 waterways have been merged with the existing waterways.
  • 18 new waterways have been added. 5 each from Karnataka and Meghalaya, 3 each from Maharashtra and Kerala, 1 each from Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan).
  • The declaration of these National Waterways would enable Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to develop the feasible stretches for Shipping and Navigation.

Note: Union Government is empowered to make laws on shipping and navigation on inland waterways which are classified as national waterways by Parliament by law as per Entry 24 of the Union List of the 7th Schedule of the Constitution.

Inland Waterways

Waterways are the cheapest and environment friendly modes of Transportation. They are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods. Existing five national waterways are (i) NW 1: between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 km) on Ganga River (ii) NW 2: between Sadiya and Dubri (891 km) (iii) NW 3: West Coast Canal (205 km) in Kerala (iv) NW 4: Kakinada–Pondicherry stretch River Godavari and Wazirabad–Vijayawada stretch of River Krishna in Andhra Pradesh (v) NW 5: Talcher–Dhamra (620 km) stretch on Mahanadi River.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App