Tribal Development Current Affairs

Adivasi Mahotsav 2017: Tribal Festival organised in Chhattisgarh 

The Aadivasi Mahotsav 2017 was held in Raipur, Chhattisgarh to display the rich and diverse tribal traditions of the central state. It was inaugurated by Union Tribal Affairs Minister Jual Oram and Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Dr Raman Singh.

Key Facts

The festival has been organised in the memory of 1857 revolutionary from the region, Shaheed Veernarayan Singh on his martyrdom day. Tribal culture, literature and food festivals, tribal Olympiad and hackathon were held during the event. Besides, tribal literature festival was organized at Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Auditorium during the festival. Regional folk dances such as Bihu, Cherav dance of Mizoram, Hojgiri of Tripura and other folk dances of Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya were performed during festival.

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Tribal development remains poor: Tribal Ministry report

According to recently released annual report of the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs, the tribal population in India lags behind other social groups on various social parameters.

The tribal population lags in parameters such as child mortality and infant mortality and women’s health, education, poverty etc.

Key Highlights of report
  • Vast majority of tribal population is engaged in agricultural labour. It has the largest number of anaemic women.tribal-hdi
  • Mortality rates: The community also has registered the highest child mortality and infant mortality rates compared to other social groups.
  • Education: The gross enrolment ratio (GER) among tribal students in the primary school level has declined from 113.2 in 2013-14 to 109.4 in 2015-16. Besides, dropout rate among tribal students is alarming.
  • Poverty: The overall poverty rates among the tribal population have fallen compared to previous years. They remain relatively poor when weighed against other social groups.
  • Health infrastructure: It has also been found wanting in tribal areas. There is a shortfall of 6,796 sub-centres, 1,267 primary health centres (PHCs) and 309 community health centres (CHCs) in the tribal areas at an all-India level as on March 31, 2015.
  • Gaps in rehabilitation: There are gaps in the rehabilitation of the tribal community members displaced by development projects.
  • Only 21 lakh tribal community members have been rehabilitated so far of the estimated 85 lakh persons displaced due to development projects and natural calamities.

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