Tribal Development Current Affairs - 2020
On May 29, 2020, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs announced that 23 additional Minor Forest Produce of Minimum Support Price has been included.
Also, the minimum support price for the existing forest produce was reduced for 50 items. The increase in Minor Forest Produce is from 16% to 66%. In certain cases such as Giloe, the increase is in the range of 190%.
Minor Forest Produce
The Indian Forest Act, 1927 defines forest produce. However, the Minor Forest Produce got its definition only in 2007. Minor Forest Produce includes brushwood, bamboo, canes, honey, cocoon, tusser, roots, tuber, etc.
The Forest Rights Act was enacted in 2007. The act gives forest rights to live, cultivate, manage and regenerate.
Around 100 million people living around the forest area are dependent on the forests for their livelihood. The data was collected by the National Committee on Forest Rights Act. Therefore, it is certainly important to regulate minor forest produce and make sure the tribals make maximum out of it.
Tags: Forest Rights Act • Indian Forest Act 1927 • Minimum Support Price • Minor Forest Produce • Tribal Circuit Project
On March 19, 2020, TRIFED, the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India launched “Tech for Tribal” initiative. The initiative aims at providing entrepreneurship skills to the tribal people.
The initiative is to benefit 3 lakh people. The TRIFED has launched the initiative along with Institutes of National Importance. It includes IIT-Kanpur, IIM Indore, Institute of Social Science, Bhubaneshwar.
Under the initiative, the institutes are to develop course contents related to entrepreneurship in value addition.
The programme in later stages is to be linked with Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVK). Every VDVK consists of 20 tribal gatherers and 15 Self Help Groups. VDVKs aims at providing capacity building and skill upgradation.
The programme will help to market the products produced by the SHGs at the VDVK.
Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana
It is an initiative that was launched in 2018. The Scheme aims to strengthen tribal producer companies. It was launched in 27 states. TRIFED is the nodal agency implementing the scheme.