Tribal Development Current Affairs

Tribal development remains poor: Tribal Ministry report

According to recently released annual report of the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs, the tribal population in India lags behind other social groups on various social parameters.

The tribal population lags in parameters such as child mortality and infant mortality and women’s health, education, poverty etc.

Key Highlights of report
  • Vast majority of tribal population is engaged in agricultural labour. It has the largest number of anaemic women.tribal-hdi
  • Mortality rates: The community also has registered the highest child mortality and infant mortality rates compared to other social groups.
  • Education: The gross enrolment ratio (GER) among tribal students in the primary school level has declined from 113.2 in 2013-14 to 109.4 in 2015-16. Besides, dropout rate among tribal students is alarming.
  • Poverty: The overall poverty rates among the tribal population have fallen compared to previous years. They remain relatively poor when weighed against other social groups.
  • Health infrastructure: It has also been found wanting in tribal areas. There is a shortfall of 6,796 sub-centres, 1,267 primary health centres (PHCs) and 309 community health centres (CHCs) in the tribal areas at an all-India level as on March 31, 2015.
  • Gaps in rehabilitation: There are gaps in the rehabilitation of the tribal community members displaced by development projects.
  • Only 21 lakh tribal community members have been rehabilitated so far of the estimated 85 lakh persons displaced due to development projects and natural calamities.


Union Government to launch National Resource Centre Vanjeevan for Tribal Livelihood

The Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs is going to launch “Vanjeevan”, the National Resource Centre (NRC) for Tribal Livelihood issues in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

It will be launched in collaboration with UNDP and National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC).  Besides, NRC website and e-knowledge platform on tribal livelihood will also be unveiled.

Key Facts
  • Vanjeevan in the first phase will identify the problems in livelihood issues in select districts of six states having low Human Development Index (HDI) of tribal people.
  • The programme will focus on the identification of local resources, keeping in view the existing skill level.
  • It will facilitate utilization of funds under various Government programmes for the above purpose.
  • It will be implemented in Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha and Telangana in the first phase.
  • In the second phase the programme will be implemented in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya and Tripura.
National Resource Centre (NRC)

NRC will serve as a platform for livelihood mapping, skill gap analysis. It will be knowledge hub for providing consolidation of best livelihood and entrepreneurship models for the tribal entrepreneurship development.