Tribal Welfare Current Affairs
Odisha Government has unveiled first-ever ‘Tribal Atlas of Odisha’, a compilation of demographic and cultural information of the tribal population in the state. It is claimed to be first-of-its-kind tribal compilation in the country. The book was published by SC and ST Research and Training Institute in collaboration with Academy of Tribal Language and Culture (ATLC).
Tribal Atlas of Odisha
The compendium gives comprehensive and valuable information on tribal regions in state and key demographic indicators like literacy, sex ratio and education. It also showcases tribal art, culture, dialects and much more in about 60 map formats and other visuals. The book displays salient features about tribal population of Odisha with series of specialized maps, charts and diagrams. It also has corresponding graphs and diagrams portraying distributional aspects of tribal population, tribal habitats, ecological setting, their socio-cultural attributes such as linguistic, dialectical affinity, sex composition, literacy and economic aspects of communities living across the state.
As per Census 2011, Odisha has second highest tribal population in the country after Madhya Pradesh. The state’s tribal population is primarily found in Mayurbhanj, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Kandhamal, Koraput, Keonjhar and Gajapati districts.
The Union Government has proposed to set up 3000 Van Dhan Kendras involving 30,000 Self Help Groups (SHGs) across the country under its Van Dhan Scheme. This will help in empowering tribals by providing them skill up-gradation and capacity building training for value addition of forest produce for modernizing traditional tribal-rural economic system.
Van Dhan Scheme
The scheme was launched by Prime Minister on 14th April, 2018 during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur Chattisgarh. It aims at targeting livelihood generation for tribals by harnessing non-timber minor forest produces (MFP), the true wealth of forest (i.e. Van Dhan). For this, it will provide them skill up-gradation and capacity building training for value addition of forest produce. Value addition will ensure remunerative prices to tribals.
It also aims at building upon traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT for value addition. It also aims to promote MFPs-centric livelihood development of tribal gatherers and artisans It will promote and leverage collective strength of tribals (through SHGs) to achieve scale.
Implementation: It will be implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs at Central Level and Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) as nodal agency at National Level by providing training and technical support. At State level, state nodal agency for MFPs and district collectors will play pivot role in scheme implementation at grassroot level.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendra: TRIFED will facilitate establishment of MFP-led multi-purpose kendras predominantly forested tribal districts. These kendras will be cluster of 10 SHGs comprising of 30 tribal MFP gatherers each. They will provide skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility. Locally these kendras will be managed by Managing Committee (an SHG) consisting of representatives of Van Dhan SHGs in cluster. Big corporates will help to create secondary level value addition facility at district level and tertiary level value addition facility at state level under the PPP model.