Triple talaq Current Affairs - 2020

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Nari Shakti: Hindi Word of the Year 2018

The word Nari Shakti is chosen as the word of the Year 2018 by the Oxford dictionaries. The announcement regarding this was made in the Jaipur Literature Festival (JLF).

Why Nari Shakti was chosen as word of the year?

The Oxford dictionaries have cited following reasons for choosing Nari Shakti as word of the year:

  • There was a large spike in the use of word Nari Shakti in March 2018 around the Government of India’s Nari Shakti Puraskar (Women Power Award) held on the International Women’s Day.
  • Two major decisions of the Supreme Court contributed to Nari Shakti’s prominence in 2018. One was a ban on ‘triple-talaq’ and second, the taking down of a rule that disallowed menstrual women entry to the Sabarimala temple in Kerala.

The Word Nari Shakti derived from Sanskrit symbolises women who are capable to take charge of their lives. The word Nari Shakti encapsulates the spirit of our times, with all its struggles, challenges, and triumphs.

2017 Word of the Year

In 2017 Oxford dictionaries for the first time had announced the Hindi word of the year. Aadhaar was declared as the word of the year in 2018.

Jaipur Literature Festival (JLF)

Jaipur Literature Festival is described as the greatest literary show on Earth. JLF brings together a diverse mix of the world’s greatest writers, thinkers, humanitarians, politicians, business leaders, sports people and entertainers on one stage to champion the freedom to express and engage in thoughtful debate and dialogue.

The Jaipur Literature Festival set against the backdrop of Rajasthan’s stunning cultural heritage and the Diggi Palace in Jaipur is a flagship event of Teamwork Arts.

Lok Sabha Passes Triple Talaq Bill

The Lok Sabha has passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, famously referred to as Triple Talaq Bill. The bill would replace the ordinance passed in the month of September.

The opposition members from Congress and AIADMK staged the walkout demanding that the government must refer the bill to the joint select committee.

Features of the Bill

The Important features of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill are:

  • The bill makes the all declaration of triple talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal. Talaq-e-biddat.

Talaq-e-biddat (Triple Talaq)
It refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.

  • Declaration of Triple Talaq would be a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine. The bill states that the offence will be cognizable only if information relating to the offence is given by the married woman (against whom talaq has been declared), or any person related to her by blood or marriage.

Cognizable offence
A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer may arrest an accused person without a warrant.

  • Under the provisions of the bill, the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.
  • The bill also states that the offence may be compounded by the Magistrate upon the request of the woman (against whom talaq has been declared). The bill empowers the Magistrate to determine terms and conditions of the compounding.

Compounding of offence
Compounding of offence refers to a procedure where the two sides agree to stop legal proceedings, and settle the dispute.

  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children and the amount of the allowance will be determined by the Magistrate.
  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek custody of her minor children and the manner of custody will be determined by the Magistrate.

The Opposition members were demanding the joint select committee for a detailed study of the bill since it is a constitutional matter related to a specific religion.