Tripura Current Affairs - 2019
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Department of Science and Technology has decided to commission a study to assess the climate risks faced by States in India. This decision comes in the backdrop of completion of vulnerability study across 12 Himalayan States.
Vulnerability Study by the Himalayan States
The study was undertaken in the 12 Himalayan states viz. Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir. The vulnerability was measured on a scale 0-1 with 1 indicating the highest possible level of vulnerability. The study indicates that:
- Assam and Mizoram with a vulnerability score of 0.72 and 0.71 topped the vulnerability index.
- Sikkim with the score of 0.42 was relatively less vulnerable.
- The scores of other states are Jammu & Kashmir (0.62), Manipur (0.59), Meghalaya and West Bengal (both 0.58), Nagaland (0.57), Himachal Pradesh and Tripura (0.51 both), Arunachal Pradesh (0.47) and Uttarakhand (0.45).
- Assam is highly vulnerable to climate change because of factors like low per capita income, deforestation, a large number of marginal farmers, least area under irrigation, lack of alternative sources of income and high rates of poverty.
- The report finds that low per capita income, low open forest area per 1,000 households and lack of irrigation coverage as the most important drivers of vulnerability in Himalayan states.
- Other indicators include the percentage of area under slope, yield variability of food grains, forest cover, irrigation cover and access to healthcare.
- In Arunachal Pradesh, the key factors are low female literacy and a high percentage of population above BPL.
- In Nagaland, the key issues are the loss of forest cover, steep slope and high yield variability.
The vulnerability score was calculated based on eight parameters such as percentage of area in districts under forests, yield variability of food grain, population density, female literacy rate, infant mortality rate, percentage of population below poverty line (BPL), average man-days under MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), and the area under slope > 30%.
Tags: Arunachal Pradesh • Assam • Climate Vulnerability Index • Department of Science and Technology • Himachal Pradesh • Himalayan States • Jammu and Kashmir • Manipur • Meghalaya • MGNREGA • Mizoram • Nagaland • Sikkim • Tripura • Uttarakhand • West Bengal
Union Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) Dr Jitendra Singh dedicated two Inter-State road projects in the North-Eastern Region.
- The projects inaugurated were 17.47 km long Doimukh-Harmuti Road which links Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and 1.66 km Tura-Mankachar Road provides connectivity between Assam and Meghalaya.
- The roads were developed under the North East Road Sector Development Scheme which is specially focused on inter-State road connectivity in the region and was constructed by National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL).
- The 17.47 km long Doimukh-Harmuti Road linking Assam and Arunachal Pradesh has been completed at a cost of Rs 58.25 crore.
- This 17.47 km stretch provides an important critical transport link in this mountainous terrain across the major rivers Gumto and Gulajoly. Also, river Dikrong flows on the left side of the road.
- 66 km Tura-Mankachar Road which links Assam and Meghalaya has been completed at a cost of Rs. 4.71 Crores.
- The 1.66 km road provides alternative connectivity to Tura and will immensely benefit the people residing in the West Garo Hills District of Meghalaya.
North East Road Sector Development Scheme
North East Road Sector Development Scheme launched during the Financial Year 2015-16 was conceived by the Ministry of DoNER. It is a centrally sponsored scheme for construction/upgradation/ improvement of 433.7 Km long State roads in the North Eastern States of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura.
Tags: Arunachal Pradesh • Assam • Manipur • Meghalaya • Mizoram • Nagaland • National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited • North East • North East Road Sector Development Scheme • River Dikrong • River Gulajoly • River Gumto • Sikkim • Tripura • Union Minister for Development of North Eastern Region