Tripura Current Affairs

NITI Aayog launches Composite Water Management Index

The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog launched Composite Water Management Index as useful tool to assess and improve performance in efficient management of water resources. The index aims to inspire States/UTs towards efficient and optimal utilization of water and recycling thereof with sense of urgency.

Key Facts

The composite water management index comprises of nine parameters and 28 indicators. These include various aspects of ground water, irrigation, restoration of water bodies, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance. For purpose of analysis, reporting states of index were divided into two special groups North Eastern and Himalayan states and Other States to take into account different hydrological conditions across these groups.

Ranking of States/UTs

General States or Other States: Gujarat topped the list followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Jharkhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were worst performers among general States. In terms of incremental change, it was Rajasthan which held the first position.

North-eastern and Himalayan states: Tripura has topped the list followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.

Significance

Composite water management index’s ranking of states/UTs will ensure that principle of competitive and cooperative federalism is actualised in India’s water management system. It will help build pressure on states who have not performed well to improve their water management techniques as this is directly linked to agriculture prosperity in different states. It can be also utilised to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources. It will provide useful information for States and also for concerned Central Ministries and Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

Need for index

India in recent times is suffering from worst water crisis in its history. Millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat due to this crisis. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about 2 lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. It is estimated crisis is going to get worse by 2030 when India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply. In view of limitations on availability of water resources and rising demand for water, sustainable management of water resources has acquired critical importance. The Composite Water Management Index will fulfil mandate of cooperative and competitive federalism and also challenges States/UTs to meet aspirations of new India.

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Queen Pineapple declared as State Fruit of Tripura

President Ram Nath Kovind has declared Tripura’s queen variety pineapple as state fruit. Tripura is one of the largest pineapple growing states in country. There are more than 100 commercial scale pineapple plantations spread throughout the state.

Queen pineapple

Queen pineapple is spiny, golden yellow in colour. It has pleasant aroma and flavour. Its sweetness and unique aroma differentiates it from pineapples of other states of Northeast region. It had received Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2015 and was helped by North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation, a central public sector unit in getting it. APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority), an apex organisation under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has helped export Kew variety of pineapples from Tripura to West Asia.

National Highway

President also dedicated 73.71km stretch of National Highway 8 (NH-8) from Mata Tripurasundari temple in Udaipur of Gomati district to Sabroom in South Tripura.m The NH-8 connects Tripura with the rest of the country via Assam and Meghalaya. The newly inaugurated stretch of highway extends it up to southern Tripura’s border town Sabroom.

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