tuberculosis Current Affairs

March 24: World Tuberculosis Day

The World Tuberculosis Day (WTD) is observed every year on March 24 to raise public awareness about the global epidemic of Tuberculosis (TB) and efforts to eliminate the disease. WTD is observed to commemorate discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, bacillus (bacteria) causing TB on 24th March, 1882 by German microbiologist Robert Koch. This discovery had opened the way towards diagnosing and curing TB.

The theme of World TB Day 2018 is “Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world”. It focuses on building commitment to end TB, not only at political level with Heads of State and Ministers of Health, but at all levels from Governors, Mayors, parliamentarians and community leaders to people affected with TB, civil society advocates, health workers, doctors or nurses, NGOs and other partners.

This is critical theme, given political importance of upcoming United Nations General Assembly high-level meeting on TB this year, which will bring together Heads of State in New York. It follows on from a very successful Ministerial Conference on Ending TB in Moscow on 16-17 November, 2017 which resulted in high-level commitments from Ministers and other leaders from 120 countries to accelerate progress to end TB.

Tuberculosis (TB)

TB is disease caused by bacteria “Mycobacterium tuberculosis” that most often affect the lungs. The disease is spread from person to person through the air.  It commonly affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. It is the second biggest killer disease worldwide next only to HIV/AIDS. World Tuberculosis Day (WTD) is one of eight official global public health campaigns observed by the World Health Organization (WHO). Observance of the day provides opportunity to shine the spotlight on disease and mobilize political and social commitment for accelerate progress to end TB.

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WHO SEARO countries adopt Delhi End TB Summit Statement of Action to eradicate TB

The Member Countries of World Health Organization-Regional Office for South-East Asia (WHO-SEARO), participating in Delhi End Tuberculosis (TB) Summit have adopted ‘Delhi End TB Summit Statement of Action’.

The summit was co-hosted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, WHO-SEARO and Stop TB Partnership in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and also launched TB Free India Campaign.

Delhi End TB Summit Statement of Action

It identifies roles, responsibilities and directions of member countries of WHO SEARO region to make their countries free from this disease. It commends increased attention, investments and efforts directed at tackling region’s major burden of tuberculosis (TB).

It also expresses concern that most low-burden countries are yet to establish last mile programmes for early ending of TB. It reiterates firm intent to implement response in each of our nations that is demonstrably adequate for ending TB by 2030 and meeting milestones for 2020 by collectively reaching out to missing 2 million BT cases and 150000 multidrug-resistant cases.

LEAD-INCREASE-ENABLE-SUPPLEMENT Priorities

  • LEAD implementation of national TB responses in countries by empowered national initiative that monitors progress in reaching End TB targets to the highest levels of government in Member States.
  • INCREASE budgetary and human resource allocations by governments as well as by their global, domestic and other partners so as to ensure that national TB plans are fully funded.
  • ENABLE best possible care to each and every person, including migrants, aged and other high-risk populations, living with any form of TB including drug-resistant TB/ HIV co-infections.
  • SUPPLEMENT medical care for TB with social and financial protection in holistic manner.

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