tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2019

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Kolkata becomes first City to Install ‘Third Umpire’ RT-PCR Machines in India

In a bid towards upholding state’s public health the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has installed first of its kind high-end Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Machines in India for quick detection of diseases such as dengue, tuberculosis (TB) and swine flu.

About RT-PCR Machines

As the Kolkata city continues to record a sharp rise in cases of mosquito-borne diseases, the KMC aims to identify the root causes of diseases such as dengue through RT-PCR Machines. The objective is to give accurate DNA report on blood tests in order to ascertain the exact cause of illness.

These machines will serve as a ‘third umpire’ in situations when medical reports and blood tests reveal contradictory results. The machine will provide the exact cause of illness without any room for doubts. The tests conducted through these machines will be free of cost.

In the initial stages of project, four machines have been installed in Hatbagan in North Kolkata, Jadavpur, Behala and at Haji Mohammad Mohsin Square in central part of city.

US $13.92 billion raised for next 3 years to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

Donors from across the world including governments, philanthropists and private firms have pledged just over $14 billion for the next three years to save 16 million lives and help end AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2030. It was promised at the Sixth Replenishment Conference of Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria (GFTAM) held in Lyon, France.

Key Donors

United States will provide $1.56 billion a year, maintaining more than 30% of all contributions. France has pledged to provide $1.29 billion. India also has announced contribution of $22 million, an increase of 10% over the earlier amount contributed in 5th cycle. Private donors also pledged more than $1 billion. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has pledged to provide $760 million, (RED) has pledged US$150 million.

About Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

It was created in 2002 to raise, manage and invest the world’s money to respond to three of the deadliest infectious diseases the world has ever known viz. AIDS, TB and malaria. It aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations. Its secretariat are in Geneva, Switzerland.

Note: GFTAM is financing mechanism rather than implementing agency. It is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.