tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2019

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US $13.92 billion raised for next 3 years to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

Donors from across the world including governments, philanthropists and private firms have pledged just over $14 billion for the next three years to save 16 million lives and help end AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2030. It was promised at the Sixth Replenishment Conference of Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria (GFTAM) held in Lyon, France.

Key Donors

United States will provide $1.56 billion a year, maintaining more than 30% of all contributions. France has pledged to provide $1.29 billion. India also has announced contribution of $22 million, an increase of 10% over the earlier amount contributed in 5th cycle. Private donors also pledged more than $1 billion. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has pledged to provide $760 million, (RED) has pledged US$150 million.

About Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

It was created in 2002 to raise, manage and invest the world’s money to respond to three of the deadliest infectious diseases the world has ever known viz. AIDS, TB and malaria. It aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations. Its secretariat are in Geneva, Switzerland.

Note: GFTAM is financing mechanism rather than implementing agency. It is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.

Health Ministry launches ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’ campaign

In an effort to reach out to every tuberculosis (TB) patient in the country, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched ‘TB Harega, Desh Jeetega’ campaign in New Delhi. Along with the campaign government also launched ‘National TB Prevalence Survey’, the country’s largest-ever conducted TB prevalence survey.

The government initiatives are in line with country’s intended target of becoming TB-free India before 2025. The global target to eliminate TB worldwide is 2030.

About ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’ Campaign

The campaign will work on 3 pillars-

  1. Clinical approach
  2. Public health component
  3. Active community participation

The supporting aspect of campaign includes- patient support, private sector engagement, political and administrative commitment at all levels.

The government will ensure that all patients, at private/public hospitals, receive free-of-cost and high-quality TB care.

Other Government Initiatives for TB

According to TB India report 2019, 21.5 lakh cases of TB were notified to Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in 2018. It showed a 16% increase from 2017, which is the highest so far.

Under the National Strategic Plan for ending TB (NSP 2017-25), the RNTCP is strengthening private sector engagement so as to increase the reach to more TB patients, improve access to TB care and provide incentives to doctors for notifying TB patients and treatment outcomes.

Under Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) TB patients are given Rs.500 per month for nutritional assistance during the TB treatment. Since April 2018, over 20.8 lakh beneficiaries have received benefits worth Rs.427 crore under NPY. In September 2018 72% of all TB patients in aspirational districts of India were covered for health-related interventions, compared to a target of 100%.

National level committee had been formed that included membership from 17 ministries and also, department of post and department of financial services have supported expansion of TB services across the country.