tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2020

Impacts of lock down on Family Planning

The lock down has resulted in poor access to family planning measures and contraceptives. This will result in lots of unwanted pregnancies.

Highlights

With the number of infected persons of COVID-19 increasing all over India, least importance is being given to family planning and other treatments that includes Tuberculosis, AIDS, etc. The issue will end up in lot of unwanted pregnancies and eventually to unsafe abortions and maternal deaths.

Analysis

According to the Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India. Around 2.56 crore couples are unable to access contraceptive services. This leads to loss of 6.9 lakh sterilization services and 9.7 lakh IUCD (Intra Uterine Contraceptive Devices).

Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India

It is an NGO that is working since 2009. It is a part of the Marine Stopes International, which is an organization that provides personalized abortion services and contraception. The organization is spread across 37 countries.

Focus on COVID-19 increases Malaria, HIV and TB

Apart from its impacts on family planning, COVID-19 has also affected the treatment of malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV. According to a study, the HIV projections could increase by 10%, malaria can increase upto 20% and Tuberculosis related deaths could increase by 20%.

The study was conducted by Geneva based body “Stop TB”.

Central Panel recommends to ban use of TB drugs on crops

The Registration Committee that was set up under the Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee (CIBRC) has recommended that TB drugs such as Streptomycin and Tetracycline should be completely banned on crops.

Highlights

The Registration Committee held its 114th meet on May 1, 2020. According to the report submitted by its subcommittee, 9% of Streptomycin sulphate and 1% of tetracycline hydrochloride is used on crops. According to the report generated, the drugs were used at its highest in Delhi, Haryana and Punjab.

What is the issue?

The CIBRC allows the use of Streptocycline drug in eight crops. However, it is now found that it is being used on more crops as pesticides. The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) had earlier recommended that none of the TB drugs should be used on crops. The order was shared with CIBRC as well.

Solution

The report has suggested to phase out use of the drugs by 2022 as no alternatives are now available for these drugs. The users, till then should use these antibiotics according to the label instructions.

Recommendations

The Registration Committee recommends to manage diseases and pests in crops through integrated pest management. The CIBRC has also recommended ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) to initiate research on better and safe practices.