tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry has launched new anti-TB (Tuberculosis) drug Bedaquiline
It was launched by the Union Health Minister J P Nadda as part of the TB national programme
Initially the drug will be made available in six public hospitals in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Guwahati and Ahmedabad. Later it will be introduced in 104 districts across five States.
Bedaquiline is a new anti-TB drug for treatment of Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis. It specifically targets Mycobacterial ATP synthase, an enzyme which is essential for the supply of energy to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and most other mycobacteria.
- The Union Health Minister also has launched CBNAAT (Cartridge-Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test) diagnostic machines for the quick diagnosis of TB within two hours.
- These machines have revolutionised rapid molecular test which detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin drug resistance, simultaneously.
- It will help in treating patients of TB patients promptly and can be used in remote and rural areas without sophisticated infrastructure or specialized training.
TB India 2016 Annual Report
- The Union Health Minister also released the TB India 2016 Annual Report and the technical and operational guidelines for TB Control in India 2016.
- The comprehensive sets of guidelines are for management of all forms of TB and strategies for intensified case finding.
- These guidelines adhere of more patient centric approaches and single-window care for patients suffering from HIV and TB.
Government has launched Mission Indradhanush to immunise kids against 7 vaccine-preventable diseases.
Mission Indradhanush depicts 7 colours of the rainbow which aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against 7 vaccine preventable diseases.
- 7 preventable diseases: diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B.
It was launched by Union Health Minister J P Nadda on the occasion of National Good Governance Day.
Key facts about Mission Indradhanush
- It will be focused and systematic immunization drive through a catch-up campaign mode aiming to cover all the children who have been left out or missed out for immunization.
- Under this scheme government will conduct 4 special vaccination campaigns between January and June 2015 with intensive planning and monitoring .
- These campaigns will be planned and implemented according to the learning’s of the successful implementation of the polio programme.
- It will be implemented in 2 phases in 2015. First phase will cover 201 districts. While, second phase will cover 297 districts.
- For the first phase government has identified 201. These are high-focus districts in the country which have nearly 50 per cent of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children. Under this mission, these districts will be targeted intensively in order to improve the routine immunization coverage.
- Among the 201 districts, 82 districts are in four BHIMARU states i.e Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. In these 82 districts nearly 25 per cent children are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children.
- WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and others will be donor partners for Mission Indradhanush. While the mass media, interpersonal communication will play crucial role to monitor and evaluate the sturdy mechanisms for implementing this mission.
Tags: BHIMARU states • Current Affairs - 2017 • diphtheria • Government policy • Government Schemes • hepatitis B • measles • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare • Mission Indradhanush to immunise kids agaainst 7 vaccine-preventable diseases • polio • tetanus • tuberculosis • whooping cough