tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2020
Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched pilot project for transport of sputum specimen for Tuberculosis (TB) Diagnosis by utilising services of Department of Post in Karawal Nagar, New Delhi. The learning from this pilot project experience will be useful for adaptation of specimen transport mechanism through Postal Department across the country.
Significant proportion of TB patients in India are not tested for their symptoms because specimen does not reach laboratory due to non-availability of specimen transport mechanisms. Transport of collected specimen also spares patient’s from travelling to reference laboratory. Prompt transport of specimen followed by efficacious testing will enable appropriate management of TB patients and reduced disease transmission.
Health Ministry also launched web-based application of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP), Nikshay Version 2.0, with better user interface and data structures. It also launched mobile application for all major functions on Nikshay. The web-application is also designed to be mobile friendly, enabling data entry also from the mobile browser.
NIKSHAY is web based solution for effectively monitoring of TB patients under Revised National Tuberculosis Programme (RNTCP). It was launched by Health Ministry Government with intention of creating a tuberculosis free nation. It was developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC) in association with Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
NIKSHAY word is combination of two Hindi words NI and KSHAY meaning eradication of tuberculosis. It covers various aspects of controlling TB using technological innovations.Apart from web based technology, SMS services have been used effectively for communication with patients and monitoring the programme on day to day basis.
TB is disease caused by bacteria “Mycobacterium tuberculosis” that most often affect the lungs. It spreads from person to person through the air. It commonly affects lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. It is the second biggest killer disease worldwide next only to HIV/AIDS. ndia accounts for about a quarter of the global TB burden. Worldwide India is the country with the highest burden of both TB and MDR (Multi-drug resistant) TB. In March 2017, Government had set aim elimination of TB in India by 2025.
Tags: Department of Post • Diseases • Health Ministry • National • NIKSHAY
According to World Health Statistics 2018 released by World Health Organisation (WHO), India saw estimated 211 cases of tuberculosis (TB) per 1,00,000 people in 2016. India has pledged to eradicate tuberculosis by 2025, five years ahead of global target set by WHO. WHO’s annual World Health Statistics reports present most recent health statistics for WHO Member States.
Key highlights of World Health Statistics 2018
Tuberculosis (TB): Globally, incidence of TB registered 19% decline over 16-year period from 173 new and relapse cases per 1,00, 000 population in year 2000 to 140 per 1,00,000 population in 2016. It remains high-burden disease and progress in fighting it, although impressive, is still not fast enough to close persistent gaps.
Cases reported in India were lower than neighbouring Bangladesh and Myanmar which recorded 221 and 361 cases respectively in this category. However, Nepal and Bhutan recorded fewer number of TB cases per 1,00,000 population than India
Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in India: It was 174 per 1,00,000 births in 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030 is to lower MMR for all countries to less than 70 per 1,00,000 births.
Air pollution: Deaths due to air pollution was concerned, age-standardised mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution (per 1,00,000 population) in 2016 was 184.3% in India.
Per capita health expenditure in India: It was around US $63 in 2015, way lower than China (US $426), while in Pakistan it was $38.