UJALA Scheme Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released a publication titled “India – Spearheading Climate Solutions” on 12 February, 2019. This document mentions India’s key actions taken towards combating and adapting to climate change.
India’s Key Actions Towards Combating and Adapting Climate Change
- India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) that has eight major missions on Solar, Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change.
- International Solar Alliance (ISA) – It is an alliance of 121 countries, most of them sunshine countries (i.e. lying either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn). It was founded in 2015 at Paris and was initiated by India. Membership now has been extended to all the members of the United Nations
- State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC)
- FAME Scheme – It stands for Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME-India) Scheme, which was launched in 2015 under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP). It aims to create the infrastructure for and promote e-mobility.
- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT) –The scheme was launched in the year 2015 and is solely aimed for Smart Cities
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana – The scheme was launched in 2016. It aims for providing access to clean cooking fuel
- UJALA scheme – It stands for Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All and was started in 2015. Its aim is to embrace energy efficient LED bulbs
- Swachh Bharat Mission – It is a nationwide campaign from 2014 to 2019 aiming to clean up India.
- National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) – It was launched in 2015-16 and aims to support robust adaptation techniques to reduce adverse effects of climate change.
Other Initiatives Taken by Government
Apart from the above, Government of India has taken an ambitious goal of generating 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022. India will leapfrog from Bharat Stage -IV to Bharat Stage-VI emission norms by April 2020. India’s renewable energy capacity stands at more than 74 GW today including about 25 GW from solar. Further, India submitted its Second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) in December 2018 as per the reporting obligations under the convention, which stated that India’s GDP came down by 21% between 2005 & 2014. It also stated that India’s climate-goal for pre-2020 is well on track.
Tags: AMRUT • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation • Bharat Stage • FAME Scheme • International Solar Alliance • Ministry of Environment • National Action Plan on Climate Change • National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change • National Electric Mobility Mission Plan • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana • State Action Plan on Climate Change • Swachh Bharat Mission • UJALA Scheme
Union Government (Finance Ministry) has inked $220 million Loan Agreement with World Bank to scale-up Inida’s Energy Efficiency Program. It also signed $80 million guarantee agreement with World Bank.
The loan will be provided to EESL by World Bank through its lending arm International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). It has maturity of 19 years and 5-year grace period. The $80 million IBRD guarantee will partially cover re-payment risks to commercial lenders or investors to enable EESL to raise funds for its program.
Energy Efficiency Program (EEP)
It will be implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL). It will help to scale-up deployment of energy saving measures in residential and public sectors, strengthen EESL’s institutional capacity and enhance its access to commercial financing. Under it, EESL will deploy 219 million LED bulbs and tube lights, 5.8 million ceiling fans, and 7.2 million street lights, which will be supplied by private sector manufacturers and suppliers.
Key Components of Program
- Create sustainable markets for LED lights and energy efficient ceiling fans.
- Facilitate well-structured and scalable investments in public street lighting.
- Develop sustainable business models for emerging market segments such as super-efficient air conditioning and agricultural water pumping systems.
- Strengthen institutional capacity of EESL.
- Increase private sector participation in energy efficiency, including through private sector energy service companies.
The World Bank investments under this program are expected to avoid lifetime greenhouse gas emissions of 170 million tons of CO2. It will also contribute to avoiding an estimated 10 GW of additional generation capacity. This will help to achieve 50% of National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency target of 19.6 GW indicated in India’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under 2015 Paris Agreement (India has committed to reduce carbon emissions by 33-35% by 2030 under NDC). Thus, help India to move further towards a more resource-efficient growth path. It will help tackle financing, awareness, technical and capacity barriers faced by new energy efficiency programs and also support Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) program of Central Government.