UN Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

UNICEF: The State of World’s Children Report

The United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund-UNICEF provides emergency and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that were devastated by world war II. The organization releases “The State of the World’s Children Report” annually.

The report stated that despite of 40% drop in stunting of children in poor countries between 1990 and 2015, 149 million are still too short for their age.

Key findings of the report

  • A third of world’s children under five years of age, which is around 700 million, have nutrition problems. They are undernourished or face overweight problems.
  • 50 million are affected by wasting. Wasting is chronic thinness of the body which is mainly due to poverty.
  • Only 2 out of 5 infants of breast fed. This is also a primary cause for increased undernourished children
  • Japan has the least Infant Mortality Rate. In Japan no packed lunches are allowed in schools. School lunches are created by nutritionists and are provided in all schools through out Japan. Each meal is designed to have 600 to 700 calories.
  • Japan has the lowest IMR. Out of children that are under age 5, 14.42% are obese or overweight. The US tops the UNICEF ranking with 41.86%, followed by Italy with 36.87% and France at 30.09%

October 11: International Day of Girl Child

Every year, October 11 is commemorated as International Day of Girl Child by the United Nations. The day is important as it raises awareness of issues faced by girls internationally. The major problems faced by girls includes forced child marriage, legal rights, medical rights, education, nutrition.

Theme: Girl force – Unscripted and unstoppable

Background

The day is being observed all over the world since October 11, 2012. The proposal for the day was initiated by Canada.

In 1995, at the fourth World Conference of Women in Beijing, around 30,000 women and men from 200 countries determined to recognize the rights of women and girls as human rights. The movement has expanded today supporting adolescent girls, tackling issues like child marriage, gender-based inequality, gender-based violence and girls rights to enter places of worship during menstruation. Girls are proving they are unscripted and unstoppable!

History

The day began as a project called “Plan International” by a Canada based NGO that operated worldwide. The campaign of the NGO, “Because I am a Girl” raised awareness about the importance of nurturing girls globally.