UN Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Mumbai and Hyderabad included in UNESCO Creative Cities Network

On October 30, 2019, 66 cities were designated by UNESCO as Creative Cities. The cities are named creative based on their mission to place creativity and creative economy at the core of their urban development to make their city safe, inclusive, resilient and sustainable in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goal

From India, Hyderabad and Mumbai were included in the list of Creative Cities this year. They were announced on World Cities Day.

Till now the following cities were included in the list for the respective categories

  • Varanasi-Music
  • Chennai-Music
  • Jaipur-Crafts and Folk art

About Creative Cities Network

The network brings together cities that base development on music, arts, music, design, folk crafts, literature, cinema, digital arts or gastronomy. Mumbai was selected based on cinema and Hyderbad was selected based on Gastronomy.

Mumbai for its cinema-centric aura gained the name “City pf Dreams” and Hyderabad known for its Biryani and other food items has gained the name “The Home of Haleem and Biryani”. In 2010, Haleem was honored with the Geographical Indication status and hence became the first meat-based product from India to win the prestigious tag.

October 31: World Cities Day

The World Cities Day (WCD) is being celebrated by the United Nations to promote the international community’s interest in global urbanization. It also intends to address the challenges of urbanization and to contribute to sustainable urban development around the world. It was established in 2013.

The general theme of WCD is Better City, Better Life. However, every year a different sub-theme is selected. The sub theme is in such a way to either promote the success of urbanization or address specific challenges from urbanization.

Theme: changing the world: Innovations and better life for future generations

Significance

The theme is selected to discuss how urbanization can be used to achieve sustainable development. It aims at implementing the New Urban Agenda.

New Urban Agenda

The New Urban Agenda was adopted in Quito, Ecuador at the UN Conference on Housing and sustainable Urban Development in 2016. The conference is also known as Habitat Conference. The Agenda set global standards for the way the cities are to be built, managed and inhabited. Also, it aims at implementing SDG 11 which deals with making human cities and towns inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

The Habitat conferences happen once in every 20 years. The habitat I was organized in Vancouver in 1976, Habitat II in Istanbul in 1996 and Habitat III in Quito in 2016.

Need

Over half of the world population now live in cities. The number is to double by 2050. It possesses great challenges related to environment, housing, infrastructure, climate change, basic services, infrastructure, food security, jobs, education, safety and natural resources.