UN Charter Current Affairs - 2020

April 25: International Delegate’s Day

On April 25, 2020, for the first time, the United Nations marked the International Delegate’s Day. The Day is being marked to celebrate the 75th anniversary of San Francisco Conference.

San Francisco Conference

On April 25, 1945, delegates from 50 countries came together in San Francisco for the first time. The main aim of the conference was to come together to restore world peace and impose rules post world war. More than 850 delegates participated in the conference. They represented 80% of the world population.

The Charter of United Nations was framed after two months of the conference, that is, on June 25, 1945.

Significance

Delegates are the back bone of the United Nations. They bring life to the organization and hence it is important to recognize their role. The delegates to the United Nations represent their concerned countries and are appointed by the country.

Role of Delegates

The United Nations has adopted the resolution 73/286 to recognize the crucial role played by the delegates. These delegates live up to the goals of United Nations, that is, to maintain international peace, promote effective multilateralism and encourage respect for fundamental freedom and human rights. The delegates negotiate agreements with the other member countries, coordinate with their countries and follow interests of the governments they serve.

Saudi-led Coalition calls Ceasefire in Yemen

On April 9, 2020, the Saudi Arabia led coalition declares cease fire in Yemen. The cease fire has been declared for a two-week period.

Yemen War

Yemen was devastated by a conflict that began in 2015. The Houthis that are backed by the Iran military took much of the control in west of the country. The coup led by the Houthis forced President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi to flee abroad. The rise of the group alarmed Saudi Arabia and eight other Arab states to lead a military campaign restoring Hadi’s Government.

The war has so far killed 7,500 civilians. Around 80% of the population in the country are in need of humanitarian assistance and 10 million are one step away from famine.

The Saudi-led Coalition

The Intervention of the Coalition in Yemen is said to be in compliance with Article 2 of the United Nations Charter. The Coalition intervened Yemen in the code name “Operation Decisive Storm”.

The Coalition includes Saudi Arabia, Sudan, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Senegal. The coalition was supported by US as well.