UN Climate Action Summit Current Affairs - 2020

73 Countries join Climate Ambition Alliance at COP25

Around 73 countries have joined the Climate Ambition Alliance (CAA) at the COP25. The alliance is led by Chile and was launched at the Climate Action Summit, New York in 2019.

Both Chile and UK will work together to mobilize additional actors to join the alliance. They will also work towards COP26 that is to be held in November 2020 at Glasgow, UK.

Climate Ambition Alliance

The CAA will focus on Nationally Determined Contributions in order to achieve Net Zero by 2050. It will focus in resilience in infrastructure, management of water and sustainability of cities. The main purpose of the alliance is to upscale 2020 targets of members of UN and to achieve Net Zero Carbon Emissions by 2050.

Significance of the alliance

The alliance is important to enhance the Nationally Determined Contributions of countries all over the world. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in its Emissions Gap Report, 2019 warned that in order to achieve the goal of 1.5°C increase in temperatures over pre-industrial levels, it is essential to reduce the emissions by 7.6% between 2020 and 2030.

Emissions Gap Report, 2019

The Emissions Gap Report that was released by the UNEP in December 2019, measures the gap between measures being done and measures to be done to tackle climate change.

Key Findings of the report

The report says that the global temperature will increase by 3.2 degrees by 2100 as compared to pre-industrial levels. The top four emitters of the world namely China, USA, European Union and India contributed to 55% of total emissions in the last decade.

Suggestions of the report

The report suggests that a minimum of 1.58 billion USD of annual investment in renewable sector is required for efficient energy use. It also says that solutions like coal phaseout, decarbonization of transport and industries and increased access to electricity will help tackle climate change.

UN Climate Action Summit, 2019 held in New York

The UN Climate Change Summit, 2019 was held in New York. The key focus of the summit is to accelerate the actions to implement Paris agreement. To achieve this the summit focuses in 9 independent tracks that are led by 19 countries supported by international organizations. India and Sweden are leading the “Industry Transition” track and are supported by the World Economic Forum. The other tracks are as follows:

Action Portfolios of the summit

The following action portfolios were prioritized in the summit

  1. Energy transition – To accelerate the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy
  2. Industry transition – To transform industries like steel, chemical, oil and gas, cement.
  3. Nature based solutions – To increase sink capacity and increasing resilience of oceans, forestry and agriculture by reducing emissions
  4. Cities and local action – Building low – emission buildings, transport.
  5. Resilience
  6. Climate finance and carbon pricing

Apart from this there are other 3 additional key areas. They are

  1. Mitigation – To create momentum for ambitious NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) and long term strategies that can achieve Paris agreement
  2. Public mobilization and Youth Engagement – To take actions against climate change
  3. Social and political drivers – to increase commitments in the areas like reduction in air pollution, generating jobs, protect vulnerable groups that affect well – being of the people.

Industry transition

The prime ministers of India and Sweden will launch a leadership group in September 24, 2019. The group will work on 3 central pillars

  • Public private collaboration
  • Industry commitment
  • Innovation and technology exchange
About UN Climate Action Summit

The first summit had taken place in California in 2018. The purpose of the summit is to bring leaders from around the world together to hasten the implementation of Paris Agreement. At 2018 summit, the NDCs were re-calibrated. It was an opportunity to recognize the roadblocks and increase the commitments.