UN General Assembly Current Affairs - 2019

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World Press Freedom Day observed on 3 May

The World Press Freedom Day 2019 is observed on 3 May 2019. It is being jointly organized by UNESCO, African Union Commission and Government of Ethiopia. The year 2019 marks 26th celebration of WPFD. The main event is being held at African Union Headquarters at Addis Ababa.

The World Press Freedom Day

It is observed to raise awareness about importance of freedom of press and freedom of expression as fundamental human rights. WPFD reminds governments of their obligation to respect and uphold right to freedom of expression defined under Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

Objective: It aims celebrating fundamental principles of press freedom, assessing state of press freedom worldwide, defending media against attacks on their independence, and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives while doing their duty.

Theme for World Press Freedom Day 2019 was “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”. It examines current challenges faced by media at the time of elections, and media’s potential in supporting peace and reconciliation processes.

Background

In December 1993 UN General Assembly (UNGA) following the recommendation of UNESCO’s General Conference proclaimed 3 May as World Press Freedom Day. Since then is celebrated worldwide every year.

‘May 3’ was selected to commemorate adaptation of ‘The Windhoek Declaration’ (a draft by African journalists for development of a Free, Independent and African Pluralistic Press) on 3 May 1991.

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First International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace observed on April 24

First official ‘International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace’ was observed by United Nations (UN) on April 24, 2019. It was aimed at disseminating advantages of multilateralism and diplomacy for peace by educational and public awareness-raising activities. On this occasion, UN General Assembly convened one day high level plenary meeting to commemorate and promote day.

BACKGROUND

On 12 December, 2018 UN General Assembly (UNGA) officially proclaimed resolution A/RES/73/127 to observe 24 April ever year as International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace.

Preserving values of multilateralism and international cooperation supports UN Charter and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs) and is fundamental in promoting and supporting 3 pillars of UN – Peace and Security, Development and Human Rights.

It reaffirms UN Charter and its principles of resolving disputes among countries by peaceful means and acknowledges use of multilateral decision-making and diplomacy in achieving peaceful resolutions to conflicts among nations.

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