UN Global Compact on Migration Current Affairs - 2019
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Charles Michel has resigned from the post of the Prime Minister of Belgium on 19th December 2018. The resignation came as his government was under immense pressure from the opposition over his government’s support for the UN global compact on migration.
Charles Michel’s, who became the Prime Minister of Belgium in 2014, was the country’s youngest prime minister since 1841. He belongs to the francophone liberal party Mouvement Réformateur (MR). His party had earlier lost the support of their coalition partner nationalist New Flemish Alliance over his support for a UN-backed migration deal. There were many angry protests and demonstrations that took place in Brussels against this migration pact.
About UN Global Compact on Migration:
- The negotiations for Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration started in 2016 after the influx of over one million migrants into Europe.
- In July 2018, all of the 193 members agreed to the UN pact on migration except the United States. But, only 164 countries formally signed the UN migration deal in Marrakech on 10th December 2018.
- The agreement commits the signatories to improve co-operation on international migration.
- The agreement is not legally binding on the countries signing the pact and allows them to be in charge of their own immigration policies.
The agreement stresses that all migrants should be given universal human rights. It seeks to do away with all forms of discrimination against migrants and their families.
The United States has pulled out of UN Global Compact on Migration. It has argued that Obama-era negotiated UN compact process deal contains numerous provisions that inconsistent with country’s immigration and refugee policies and Trump Administration’s immigration principles.
US under Trump administration has pulled out of several global commitments including UNESCO, UN cultural and educational body and 2015 Paris climate change agreement. US participation in Global Compact on Migration process was started in 2016 following Obama Administration’s decision to join UN’s New York Declaration on Migration.
US under Trump administration has held that New York Declaration contains numerous provisions that are inconsistent with US immigration and refugee policies and Trump Administration’s immigration principles. Moreover, the global approach in New York Declaration is simply not compatible with US sovereignty.
UN Global Compact on Migration
UN Global Compact on Migration will be the first intergovernmentally negotiated agreement under auspices of UN to cover all dimensions of international migration in holistic and comprehensive manner. Its genesis can be found in New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants adopted in September 2016 by UN General Assembly.
Under this declaration, signatory UN member countries had decided to develop global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. The process to develop this global compact for migration was started in April 2017. It was to reach international consensus at the UN in 2018.
The purpose of Global compact of migration is to provide significant opportunity to improve governance on migration, address challenges associated with today’s migration, and strengthen contribution of migrants and migration to sustainable development.