UN-Habitat Current Affairs - 2019
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Over 150 houses, built by India under the Indian Housing Project in Sri Lanka were handed over to beneficiaries. The houses were handed over in a special ceremony at Bridwell Estate in Bogawantalawa, Hatton. The ceremony was attended by Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanks Taranjit Singh Sandhu.
Indian Housing Project in Sri Lanka
The Indian Housing Project is a housing reconstruction project funded by the Government of India and implemented through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Sri Lanka.
The project was initiated in June 2010 and is being implemented full grant assistance from the Indian government making it one of the largest grant assistance projects ever undertaken by India overseas.
India is undertaking this project through four implementing agencies which include UN-Habitat, International Federation for the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in partnership with Sri Lanka Red Cross, the National Housing Development Authority (NHDA) of the Government of Sri Lanka and Habitat for Humanity.
The project is implemented using the homeowner-driven methodology. Beneficiaries selected through a transparent process on the basis of clearly defined and objective criteria will undertake the construction or repair of their houses with necessary technical assistance and support provided by the implementing agencies.
Funds will be released directly by the High Commission of India into bank accounts of beneficiaries based on certification of progress of work.
World Economic Forum citing UN-Habitat data has named two Indian cities-Mumbai and Kota among the world’s most crowded cities. Dhaka has topped the list followed by India’s financial capital Mumbai. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh has a population density of 44,500 people per square kilometre. Mumbai has a population density of 31,700 people per square kilometre. Another Indian city Kota in Rajasthan with 12,100 people per square kilometre has been ranked seventh in the list.
Medellin in Columbia with a population density of 19,700 people per square kilometre has been ranked third followed by Manila, Philippines at 4th place with a density of 14,800;Casablanca, Morocco at 5th place with a density of 14,200; Lagos, Nigeria at 6th place with a density of 13,300; Singapore at 8th place with a density of 10,200 and finally Jakarta, Indonesia at 9th place with a density of 9,600.
It has been estimated that more than half of the world’s population resides in urban areas and the UN expects this to increase to 66% by 2050 with around 90% increase concentrated in Asia and Africa.
UN-Habitat, also known as United Nations Human Settlements Program is a UN agency for sustainable urban development and human settlements. It was established in 1978 and has its headquarters in the UN Office at Nairobi, Kenya. It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. It is also a member of UNDP. UN-Habitat works in more than 70 countries in five continents focusing on seven areas: Urban Legislation, Land and Governance; Urban Planning and Design; Urban Economy; Urban Basic Services; Housing and Slum Upgrading; Risk Reduction and Rehabilitation; and Urban Research and Capacity Development.