UN Peace Keeping Mission Current Affairs - 2019
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The Malawian soldier Chancy Chitete will be honoured with the United Nation’s (UN) highest peacekeeping award, dubbed as “Captain Mbaye Diagne Medal for Exceptional Courage”. He will be awarded posthumously in New York, US on May 24 2019.
About Chancy Chitete
- The late UN peacekeeper from Mali is being honoured for his “brave and selfless” action demonstrated in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
- In an operation undertaken November 2018, he sacrificed his life while saving his fellow comrade ‘blue helmet’ during operation against local armed group named Allied Democratic Forces (ADF). The ADF is an armed force in DRC which had been terrorizing civilians and disrupting the UN’s ongoing efforts to halt and treat spread of the deadly Ebola virus.
About UN’s Highest Peacekeeping Award
- It is officially known as ‘Captain Mbaye Diagne Medal for Exceptional Courage’.
- It was established in 2014 and is named after Captain Mbaye Diagne of Senegal, who served with former UN Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) and saved thousands of Rwandans from death in 1994 genocide.
- It is awarded to uniformed (police, military) and civilian personnel who have demonstrated exceptional courage, in face of extreme danger, and fulfilled mandate of their missions in service of humanity and United Nations.
- The awarding of Medal to Chitite, will be the first time that the actions of a UN peacekeeper have been found to meet standard set by Captain Diagne.
Tags: ADF • Allied Democratic Forces • Blue Helmet • Captain Mbaye Diagne Medal for Exceptional Courage • Chancy Chitete • Democratic Republic of Congo • UN Mission in Rwanda • UN Peace Keeping Mission • UN’s Highest Peacekeeping Award • UNAMIR • United Nation
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) voted unanimously voted for the resolution to completely end its peacekeeping operations in Haiti on October 15.
The resolution also called for establishing a political mission to support government efforts to promote order and development in Haiti situated in Latin America.
UN Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti
U.N. Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti was known as MINUSTAH, a French acronym which stood for “The United Nations is not leaving.”
MINUSTAH began operations in Haiti in 2004, when a violent rebellion swept the country and forced then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide out of power and into exile. The goals of MINUSTAH included restoring security and rebuilding the shattered political institutions.
The mission with additional help from the U.S. and other nations is credited with stabilizing the country, particularly after the January 2010 earthquake, and building up the national police force.
But the Peace Keeping Mission was viewed as an affront to national sovereignty. The Mission was also blamed for sexual exploitation. a UN report has even documented the sexual exploitation of nine children on the island from 2004-2007 at the hands of at least 134 peacekeepers. The Mission was also seen as responsible for inadvertently introducing the deadly cholera bacteria to the country
UN military peacekeepers had already left Haiti on October 2017. But a stabilization group had stayed back to train national police, help the government strengthen judicial and legal institutions and monitor human rights.
The UNSC resolution gives a final six-month period for such operations and asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to plan a political mission.