UN Peacekeeping Operations Current Affairs - 2019
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Sampriti 2019, eight edition of India Bangladesh joint military exercise began on 3rd March 2019. The joint exercise is aimed to increase mutual cooperation, bonhomie and camaraderie between the armies of India and Bangladesh.
- Sampriti 2019 is hosted by Bangladesh at Tangail will be held till March 15.
- Bangladesh is represented by 36 East Bengal Battalion and India side is represented by 9th Battalion the Rajputana Rifles.
- The Sampriti 2019 will see contingents from both sides honing their tactical and technical skills in countering the insurgency, counter-terrorism and aiding civil authorities for disaster management in the UN Peacekeeping scenarios involving a combined deployment at a battalion level.
- The exercise is aimed at increasing mutual cooperation, bonhomie and camaraderie between the two armies through interoperability and joint tactical exercises.
The military exercise Sampriti began in 2009 as a platoon-level exercise and graduated to a company-level exercise in 2015 onwards. During the exercise, both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered during simulated UN peace keeping operations.
During the joint military exercise experts from both sides also hold discussions to share each other’s experiences in varied topics for mutual benefits.
The Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary) of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has approved US $6.69 billion dollar budget for 13 peacekeeping operations for year 2018-19. This is second year in row in which committee has made significant cuts to overall peacekeeping budget.
The budget approved for missions include MINUJUSTH (UN Mission for Justice Support in Haiti), MINUSCA (Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Central African Republic), MINURSO (Mission for Referendum in Western Sahara), MONUSCO (Stabilisation Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo) and UNIFIL (Interim Force in Lebanon). The United States is biggest contributor to UB, paying 22% of $5.4 billion core budget and 28.5% of the US $7.9 billion peacekeeping budget. China is other top contributor with 10.3% followed by Japan with 9.7 %.
The Committee also approved significant management reforms including creation of two new departments focused on political and peacebuilding affairs and four stand-alone divisions for Africa aimed at streamlining UN’s operations. These are first reform approved in more than 40 years. They will result in restructuring that cuts through silos and UN bureaucracy, removes redundancies, increases commonsense UN coordination and ultimately makes UN a more accountable, transparent, and efficient organisation.