UN Peacekeeping Operations Current Affairs
The Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary) of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has approved US $6.69 billion dollar budget for 13 peacekeeping operations for year 2018-19. This is second year in row in which committee has made significant cuts to overall peacekeeping budget.
The budget approved for missions include MINUJUSTH (UN Mission for Justice Support in Haiti), MINUSCA (Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Central African Republic), MINURSO (Mission for Referendum in Western Sahara), MONUSCO (Stabilisation Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo) and UNIFIL (Interim Force in Lebanon). The United States is biggest contributor to UB, paying 22% of $5.4 billion core budget and 28.5% of the US $7.9 billion peacekeeping budget. China is other top contributor with 10.3% followed by Japan with 9.7 %.
The Committee also approved significant management reforms including creation of two new departments focused on political and peacebuilding affairs and four stand-alone divisions for Africa aimed at streamlining UN’s operations. These are first reform approved in more than 40 years. They will result in restructuring that cuts through silos and UN bureaucracy, removes redundancies, increases commonsense UN coordination and ultimately makes UN a more accountable, transparent, and efficient organisation.