UN permanent members Current Affairs - 2020

India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC

The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations. The appointment announcement was made by the External Affairs ministry.

Recently, announcement was made that India is to become a member of UNSC.

Permanent Representative to the UN

The permanent representative is the head of the diplomatic mission to an international organization. The organizations that have permanent representative include United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, African Union, European Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Organization of American States.

India’s membership at UNSC

India has been striving hard to get a permanent membership at the United Nations Security Council. Currently, there are five permanent members namely US, France, UK, Russia and china.

Non-Permanent Member

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

Akbaruddin

Akbaruddin was a 1985 IFS officer. He had served twice in Saudi Arabia. He also served as a representative of India at the International atomic energy Agency. His works at the United Nations against terrorism, climate change and peace keeping were commendable.

UN Financial Crisis

On October 9, 2019, the United Nations called its member states to pay their outstanding dues. As the organization is facing severe financial crisis, there may not be enough funds to pay staff salaries next month. According to the United Nations, out of 193 members, 129 had paid their regular budget. The regular budget for the UN for a year is 5.4 billion USD. This is separate from the peace keeping budget of 6.3 billion USD.

India paid its regular contributions of 230 million USD on January 30, 2019 and India was one of the few countries to pay on time.

The Scenario

There are around 37,000 employees in the UN secretariat. The member states have so far paid only 70% of total amount needed till September 2019. This has created a cash shortage of 280 million USD. In order tackle the crisis the UN is reducing services, postponing conferences and meetings and restricting official travel.

Role of US in UN funding

The US funding covers 22% of UN regular budget. It is more than any other nation. The US is to obligated to contribute 674 million USD for the budget 2018 – 19. Cumulatively, since the previous year, US owes 1.055 billion USD.

US already has its outstanding dues from previous year as well. A country that fails to pay its contributions for 2 consecutive years loses its right to vote in the General Assembly.

Under Trump administration the US had been withdrawing from number of international commitments lately. Soon US is also planning to exit the “Open Skies treaty”. According to the treaty, it allows 34 member states to conduct unarmed surveillance flights over one another’s territories. It was signed in 1992.

Other Contributors of UN Funding

Next USA, China is the largest contributor paying 12% of UN budget. This is 15 times to what India pays. Japan is the third largest contributor with paying 3% of UN funding. Following Japan there are other European countries that contribute to the UN funding.

The real problem

UN was established to provide security and prevent war situations in the world. Slowly it gained its momentum towards providing social and economic security to the world nations. The security decisions in the UN are controlled by the 5 major permanent members of the UN namely USA, China, UK, France and Russia. They are the major contributors of the funding as well.

The UN wants its member nations to pay their contributions by the end of January every year. None of these contributors paid on time this year. Why? The countries want to push their individual strategic interests. For instance, the US voted for declaring Jerusalem as Israel’s capital while the resolution was opposed by its own allies