UNCCD COP14 Current Affairs - 2020

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UNCCD COP14: Drought Toolbox launched

At the ongoing 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida a Drought Toolbox was launched on the 10th day of conference (on 11 September 2019) which was dedicated to the theme of Drought. India is hosting the ongoing UNCCD COP14 that started from 2 September and will culminate on 13 September 2019.

About Drought Toolbox

It is a one-stop shop for all actions on drought.

It is a kind of knowledge bank that may be used by vulnerable countries, such as India, to reduce drought risk and be better prepared and effectively respond to it.

It is a web page that provides involved stakeholders easy access to case studies and other resources to support action on drought preparedness with aim to boost resilience of people and ecosystems to drought.

It contains tools that strengthen ability of vulnerable countries and enable communities to anticipate and prepare for drought effectively, mitigate their impacts and find land management tools that help them to build resilience to drought.

It will help countries in framing/fine-tuning their respective national drought policies in due course based on monitoring, forecast, and early warning.

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India to restore 50 lakh hectare of degraded land by 2030: Environment Minister

Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar announced that India has set target to restore 50 lakh hectare of its degraded land by 2030. He made this announcement at curtain raiser event for 14th meeting of Conference of Parties to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP14) to be held in India for first time from September 2-13, 2019. India will take President of COP14 for two years from China.

Announcements made

29% land of India’s total geographical area is degraded which has to be restored and will be the agenda of COP14 summit.

Centre of excellence to combat desertification of fertile land will be set up at Forest Research Institute (FRI) in Dehradun. It will study the causes of desertification and devise solutions and technologies for land degradation neutrality. It will also function as resource and training centre.

UNCCD COP14

It will be held from 2 to 13 September 2019 at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida. 12 day event will be attended by over 5000 participants, including 3000 international delegates from 196 countries. Nearly 200 countries have confirmed their participation in this mega event.

About United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

It had entered into force in December 1996. It is one of three Rio Conventions along with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). India became its signatory in October 1994 and ratified it in December 1996.  It is only legally binding international agreement to address problem of land degradation, desertification and other land issues.

Main objective:

(i) To combat desertification and mitigate effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought or desertification.

(ii) To involve long-term integrated strategies in affected areas, for improving productivity of land, and rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions, in particular at community level.

Features: Its 197 parties work together to-

(i) improve living conditions for people in drylands

(ii) mitigate the effects of drought

(iii) maintain and restore land and soil productivity.

It is committed to bottom-up approach by encouraging participation of local people in combating land degradation and desertification.

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