UNESCO Current Affairs - 2020

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1 trillion USD required to achieve UN’s Decarbonization Target of Shipping Industry

The United Nations had set the target of reducing carbon emissions from shipping industry by 50% by 2050 as compared to the levels in 2008. A study of London based Energy Institute (University College London’s Energy Institute) suggest that in order to achieve the target, the world has to spend 1 trillion USD.

Highlights

According to the United Nations, the emissions from shipping account to 2.2% of world carbon-dioxide emissions. Reducing shipping emissions is ambitious and challenging as the shipping sector plays a major role in the growth of the economy. 90% of world trade happen at sea.

The study says that in order to achieve the target set by United Nations, it is essential to invest at least 50 to 70 billion USD annually.

The Decarbonisation target was initiated by the International Maritime Organization.

When was the resolution adopted?

The International Maritime Organization regulates international shipping and its green house gas emissions. The shipping industry was the only sector that was left out of the 1997 Kyoto protocol and its successor 2015 Paris agreement.

However, in April 2018, it was the IMO (operated under UNESCO) that adopted the resolution. According to the resolution the strategy to achieve the target begins in 2020.

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UNESCO to train 4,000 Indian teachers in AI-powered Digital Technology

UNESCO and Dell Technologies will launch a new education programme where they will train 4,000 Indian teachers in Artificial Technology. The programme will aid in GoI step of introducing Artificial Intelligence as a subject in school.

Highlights

The programme will be spread across three phases. In the first phase, teachers in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka will be trained. The organizations will use technologies like FramerSpace, frontier technologies and ICT to train the techers. FramerSpace is a digital platform that will help teachers implement and monitor learning plans for students. Teachers who are certified in Dell’s Aarambh programmes are to be given preferences.

In second phase, face-to-face familiarization training will be provided. Later in third phase, teachers will be provided 12 months training.

Significance

The programme will help in achieving United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 4.7. The Goal aims at providing education to build peaceful and sustainable societies. Under SDG 4, the United Nations aim at providing 100% free education to boys and girls all over the world. It also aims at substantially increasing the number of scholarships available to students by 2020

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