UNESCO World Heritage list Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI nominates 2 sites to be included in World Heritage Sites List

The Government of India submitted two nomination dossiers for their inclusion in World Heritage List for the year 2020. They are as follows

  • Dholavira: A Harappan City
  • Monuments and Forts of Deccan Sultanate

Dholavira

The dholavira is an archaeological site in Gujarat. It consists of ruins of ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It is located in Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, the largest wildlife sanctuary in India area wise. The site is located on the Tropic of Cancer.

The city of Dholavira is estimated to be older than Lothal. The unique feature of Dholavira is its water conservation system. It had massive water storage reservoirs.

Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

It is a saline wetland. The land has an average depth of 0.5 metres to 1.5 metres. It dries up and turns into a saline desert in the months of October and November. Also, it supports variety of water birds and mammals.

Deccan Sultanate

The Deccan Sultanates were 5 major kingdoms. They ruled between Vindhya Range and Krishna river in the Deccan Plateau. Their architecture was Indo-Islamic and greatly influenced by the Mughal architecture. There are 4 major places that are addressed as Deccan Sultanate Monuments and Forts. They are

  • Bidar Fort
  • Bijapur Monuments-It consists of second largest dome in the world that was constructed before modern age.
  • Golconda Fort-The Fort is famous for its water management. The Golconda rose to prominence under Bahamani Sultanate
  • Gulbarga fort-It was the initial capital of the Bahamani Sultanate.

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Italy’s Prosecco hills enters UNESCO World Heritage list

Italy’s hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, which is home to world-famous sparkling wine Prosecco, were added by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) to World Heritage list. The decision to add hills to list was taken at a meeting of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee in Baku in Azerbaijan.

About Prosecco hills

The Conegliano and Valdobbiadene hills are where grapes grown produce famous prosecco sparking wine.

Location: These Prosecco hills are located northeast of Venice, have been cultivated for centuries. It stretch for 30 kilometres (nearly 20 miles)a

Landscape: It is characterised by hogback hills, ciglioni–small plots of vines on narrow grassy terraces- forests, small villages and farmland.

This rugged terrain has been shaped and adapted by man for centuries now.

Italy has been lobbying to have Prosecco hills receive World Heritage recognition for at least a decade.

It has now become Italy’s 55th World Heritage site.

Importance of Prosecco: The prosecco sparkling white wine has highest classification available to an Italian wine. It is produced in a territory spread over 9 provinces in Italy’s northeast. Sales of wine rose 6% in 2018 to 460 million bottles, of which 75% were exported. It has now become the most popular Italian wine abroad, with its exports seen rising by a record 21% in 2019 in foreign markets.

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