UNESCO Current Affairs - 2020

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Ajeya Warrior: India-UK to hold joint military exercise

India-UK hold joint exercise called Ajeya Warrior on February 13, 2020. The exercise is being held from 2005.

Highlights

Around 120 soldiers are to participate in the exercise. This is the fifth edition of the exercise. The countries will hold the exercise in Salisbury Plains.

Salisbury Plains

The Salisbury plains are located in Chalk Plateau. The plains are famous for archaeological monument Stonehenge.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge in England was built in Neolithic and Bronze age between 3000 BC and 2000 BC. It is one of the World Heritage Site of UNESCO. Archaeologists believe that Stonehenge would have been a burial ground. Deposits of human bones were found in the site that were dated to 3000 BC.

Other Exercises

India and UK hold joint naval exercises called Konkan exercise from 2004. The countries also hold Indra Dhanush Exercise since 2006. Indra Dhanush is a joint air-to-air exercise.

India-UK Defence Ties

The Defence ties between India and UK is limited. India has acquired 123 Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft from UK.

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Pink City-Jaipur receives World Heritage Certificate from UNESCO

On February 5, 2020, the Pink City of Rajasthan, Jaipur, received World Heritage Certificate from the UNESCO. The UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay visited India to present the certificate.

Highlights

The World Heritage Certificate was presented to Jaipur for the efforts of the people of the pink city towards preserving its cultural heritage. Jaipur’s Parkota has been listed in the World Heritage sites of UNESCO.

Intelligence Heritage Promotion Project

The Project is being implemented by UNESCO in 10 cities of Rajasthan, It includes Barmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, etc.

Why Jaipur?

Jaipur is known for its palaces, architecture, forts. The architecture in the city reflected inclusion of Mughal, Persian and Hindu designs. In order to preserve this cultural mixture of the city, UNESCO and the Rajasthan Tourism Department have signed an agreement.

Selection Criteria

The World Heritage Sites are selected on the basis of four natural criteria and six cultural criteria. They are as follows

  • The site should represent human creativity
  • It should reflect interchange of human values.
  • It should bear unique testimony to cultural tradition
  • An example for a particular type of architecture
  • An example for human settlement, their sea-use and land-use
  • It should represent biological or ecological evolution
  • An example to represent major stages of earth’s history.
  • To exhibit natural beauty
  • It should b e directly related to the traditions of living people

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