UNESCO Current Affairs - 2019
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Myanmar has launched the country’s first United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Biosphere Reserve Inle Lake in Shan state.
With this launch Myanmar opens a new chapter in its commitment to bio-diversity and eco-system conservation.
In June 2015, the lake was officially designated as Myanmar’s first biosphere reserve under UNESCO’s Man and the Bioshpere (MAB) programme.
About Inle Lake
- Inle Lake is located in Taunggyi district in Myanmar’s eastern Shan state.
- It is the second largest lake in Myanmar with an estimated surface area of 116 km2.
- The wetland ecosystem of this freshwater Inle Lake is home to diverse flora and fauna.
- It is home to 267 species of birds, out of which 82 are wetland birds. The Inle Lake is nesting place for globally endangered Sarus crane.
- It also has 43 species of freshwater fishes of which 9 species of fish are found nowhere else in the world.
- Apart from its ecological importance, Inle Lake is also has unique for the way the local inhabitants have adapted their life style to their environment.
- Presently, the lake gets funding from the government of Norway for conservation purpose under the framework of the Inle Lake Conservation and Rehabilitation project.
Two Indian cities for first time have been designated as members of UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network (UCCN).
Two cities are
- Varanasi City (Uttar Pradesh): It has been added in the City of Music category of network.
- Jaipur City (Rajasthan): It has been added in the City of Crafts and Folk Art category of network.
It was announced by UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. They are among the 47 cities from 33 countries that have been designated as new members of UNESCO Creative Cities Network.
About UNESCO Creative Cities Network
UCCN was launched in 2004. It aims to strengthen cooperation with and among cities that have recognised creativity as a strategic factor of sustainable development in regards with the economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects.
The Network covers seven creative fields including Crafts and Folk Arts, Film, Media Arts, Gastronomy, Design, Literature and Music.