UNFCC Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
India is mandated to submit a biennial update report containing updates of national greenhouse gas inventories and information on mitigation actions, needs and support received as a party to UNFCC.
The Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi has approved the submission of second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), giving India’s national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory of 2014.
India’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2014
The Biennial Update Report contains five major components National Circumstances, National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Mitigation Actions; Finance, Technology and Capacity Building Needs and Support Received and Domestic Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) arrangements. The BUR reports following figures about India’s greenhouse gas emissions:
- In India, a total of 26,07,488 gigagram (Gg) CC-2 equivalent or around 2.607 billion tonnes of CC-2 equivalent of GHGs were emitted from all activities, excluding ‘land use, land use change and forestry’ (LULUCF) in 2014.
- Net national GHG emissions after including LULUCF were 23,06,295 Gg CO2 equivalent or around 2.306 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent.
- Energy sector accounted for 73 per cent, industrial processes and product use (IPPU) 8 per cent, agriculture 16 per cent and waste sector 3 per cent of emissions.
- India is on course for achieving the target for emission intensity of the economy and share of non-fossil fuel-based power capacity.
India’s commitments under the Paris Agreement
India advocating the principle of common burden differential responsibility according to the respective capability has made three important commitments under the INDC. They are:
- Reducing greenhouse gas emission intensity of India’s GDP by 33-35 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
- 40 per cent of India’s power capacity would be based on non-fossil fuel sources.
- Creating an additional ‘carbon sink’ of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of Co2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
India’s commitments under the INDC’s are seen as most ambitious ones under the current circumstances.
Bangladesh has become the first country in the world to receive funds from United Nations for its fast growing Solar Home Systems.
In this regard, UN Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) has issued carbon credits (CC) worth 3.56 million US dollars to two Bangladeshi organisations.
The two organisations are
- Grameen Shakti: Founded by Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus with an aim to take clean solar power systems and communication technology to villages.
- Infrastructure Development Company Ltd (IDCOL): It state-owned development financial institution in Bangladesh. It finances and promotes infrastructure and renewable energy projects in the country.
The Solar Home Systems of Bangladesh is supported by various international organisations like Global Environment Facility (GEF) and World Bank. Under this enviro-friendly initiative, around 6 million systems have been installed in Bangladesh covering over 10% of its 160 million population. This system has become key source electricity for lighting, running TVs & fans and charging mobile phones by using renewable energy in rural households of Bangladesh
It should be noted that this project plays important role in Bangladesh’s efforts to tackle climate-change as it one of the lowest carbon emitters country but most vulnerable to climate-change.