UNGA Current Affairs

June 15: World Elder Abuse Awareness Day

The World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD) is observed every year on June 15 across the world to highlight the often silent suffering of the elder generation. The theme this year is “Moving from Awareness to Action through a Human Rights based approach”.

Key Facts

The global population of people aged 60 years and older is predicted to be double, from 900 million in 2015 to about 2 billion in 2050.  With growing global population of elderly people, and increase in longevity, abuse of elderly is increasing. It is serious social problem that affects health and human rights and can cause death.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that around 1 in 6 older people experienced some form of abuse. Rates of abuse may be higher for older people living in institutions than in community. Elder abuse is predicted to increase as many countries are experiencing rapidly ageing populations. The abuse can lead to serious physical injuries and long-term psychological consequences.

Background

The World Elder Abuse Awareness Day was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by through resolution 66/127. Observance of this day aims to raise voice against abuse and suffering inflicted to some defenceless older people. Elder abuse is global social issue which affects health and human rights of millions of older persons around the world. This day aims to gain attention of the international community on this social issue.

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5 countries elected as non-permanent members of UNSC

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected South Africa, Indonesia, Dominican Republic, Germany and Belgium as non-permanent members of UN Security Council (UNSC). They will have two-year term beginning January 1, 2019.

These five non-permanent members were elected according to the following pattern

  • Two seats for Group of African states and Group of Asia-Pacific states,
  • One for the Group of Latin American and Caribbean states
  • Two seats for Western European and other states.

UN Security Council (UNSC)

UNSC is most powerful and one of the six principal organs United Nations. Under UN Charter it has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 members, including five permanent ones with the power of veto. The five permanent members are China, France, Russia, UK and US. 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each. Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action through UNSC resolutions. It is only UN body with authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

Functions of UNSC

UNSC is responsible for determining existence of threat against peace and to respond to act of aggression. It is also responsible for finding peaceful means to settle conflict or dispute between states. In some cases, it resorts to sanctions or even authorise use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. It also recommends to UNGA appointment of UN Secretary General and admission of new members to the UN.

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