UNGA Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

2 December: International Day for Abolition of Slavery

Every year 2 December is observed as International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, across the world. The yearly event is organized by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and was first celebrated in 1986.

International Day for Abolition of Slavery

Objective: The day focuses on eradication of contemporary forms of slavery, like trafficking in persons, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour, forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict and sexual exploitation.

Why the date? On 2 December1949, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) approved the Convention for Suppression of Traffic in Persons and of Exploitation of Prostitution of Others.

Other Efforts: On 18 December 2002, UNGA by its resolution 57/195 of 2002 proclaimed 2004 to be- ‘International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition’. In November 2016 International Labour Organisation (ILO) adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force. Moreover, ILO also launched, 50 for Freedom campaign which aims to persuade about 50 countries to ratify Forced Labour Protocol by end of 2019.

Main Forms of Modern Slavery:

  1. Forced labour
  2. Child labour
  3. Trafficking

25 November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Every year 25 November is observed as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. The official Theme for 2019 it is “Orage the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape“.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Objective:  To raise awareness of the fact that women around the world are subject to rape, domestic violence and other forms of violence as well as to highlight scale and true nature of issue is more often hidden.

Why this date? Historically, the date 25 November is based on the date of 1960 assassination of 3 Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic. The killings were ordered by then Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo (1930–1961). In 1981, the Latin American activists and Caribbean Feminist Encuentros marked 25 November as a day to combat and raise awareness of violence against women more broadly. Later on 17 December 1999, the date received its official designation by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) under its Resolution 54/134. Since the UN and Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) have encouraged governments, international organizations and NGOs to organize activities to support day as an international observance.