UNGA Current Affairs - 2019
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International Day of Human Space Flight 2019 was observed on April 12 to commemorate the date of the first human space flight in the history of mankind.
Genesis of the International Day of Human Space Flight
It was on April 12, 1961, Soviet Union (USSR) Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin undertook first successful first human space flight. This historic event opened the way for space exploration for the benefit of all humanity.
On April 7, 2011, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution and declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight for
- Celebrating each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind
- Reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals.
- Increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peaceful purposes.
In Russia and some other former USSR countries, this historic day is celebrated as Cosmonautics Day.
International Mine Awareness Day and Assistance in Mine Action 2019 was observed on April 4 with the theme ‘United Nations Promotes SDGs – Safe Ground – Safe Home’.
The Theme ‘United Nations Promotes SDGs – Safe Ground – Safe Home’ highlights the fact that “All people have the right to live in security, and not fear their next step” and calls for mine action, which “clears paths and creates safe ground on which homes can be built or rebuilt” and “changes mindsets so that people know how to protect themselves”. The theme links mine action, sport and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by showing how clearing minefields, bring communities together and raises awareness about mine victims, and survivors of armed conflict.
Further, the United Nations has launched “Safe Ground”, a new strategy and campaign to “ensure that no one, no State, and no war zone is left behind”.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 8 December 2005 declared that 4 April of each year shall be observed as the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.
The day calls for the establishment and development of national mine-action capacities in countries where mines and explosive remnants of war constitute a serious threat to the safety, health and lives of the civilian population, or an impediment to social and economic development at the national and local levels.
Tags: International Mine Awareness Day • International Mine Awareness Day and Assistance in Mine Action • International Mine Awareness Day and Assistance in Mine Action 2019 • Safe Ground • SDG • Sustainable Development Goals • UNGA • United Nations General Assembly