UNGA Current Affairs - 2019
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United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has adopted text-based negotiations on UN Security Council (UNSC) reforms. It will set the stage for talks on the UNSC reforms issue at its 70th session.
The draft text-based negotiations include questions on equitable representation and increase in the membership of UNSC.
India has welcomed the UNGA’s decision to carry forward the text and described the development as significant and historic. Now it needs to be adopted by consensus by all UN Member States in order reflect of the broad support of the international community to move forward on this issue.
India is looking forward to early commencement of text-based negotiations with a view to securing concrete outcomes during the upcoming 70th Session of the UNGA. It also has called upon all Member States of UN to constructively engage in this process so that the long pending reform of the UNSC can be achieved to give it more power to address the global challenges more effectively.
India has strongly pitched for finalisation of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) and UN Security Council (UNSC) reforms.
On behalf of India, these issues were stressed by Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj during her meeting with the President-elect of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) Mogens Lykketoft who is on official two-day visit to India.
- Urgent reforms in UNSC to reflect present day world realities in order to reflect current geopolitical realities and increasing role of developing nations.
- Early finalisation of the CCIT (a treaty proposed by India in 1996) in order to make it binding for countries to ban terrorists, deny funds and safe haven to them.
In regard with terrorism, India clearly mentioned that no nation can be immune to the threat of terrorism especially with the emergence of Islamic State. So it is important to have collective effort to deal with menace of terrorism.
Mogens Lykketoft was unanimously elected by the UNGA as the President of the 70th Session which is going to start in September 2015. Prior to this appointment he was speaker of the Danish Parliament and earlier had served as Finance Minister and Foreign Minister of Denmark.
70th Session of UNGA: It is considered as landmark session as it is expected to address several important global issues, including UNSC Reforms, Review of UN Peacekeeping Operations, Climate Change, Adoption and implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Review of the Tunis Agenda (World Summit on Information Society) etc.