UNGA Current Affairs - 2020

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UN adopts agreement on Sustainable Development Goals

United Nations on 25 September 2015 unanimously adopted an ambitious agreement on the outcome document New Sustainable Development Agenda for the next 15 years i.e. till 2030.

The document in this regard was adopted in 70th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and was announced by its President Mogens Lykketoft at the UN headquarters in New York.

Key facts

  • The agreement outlines 17 non-binding goals termed as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 specific targets that comprise different socio-economic issues.
  • The new agenda document called “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” was built on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
  • These goals will succeed 8 MDGs which was adopted in 2000 for fifteen years in Rio 20+ summit of United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development.
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) outlines broader sustainability agenda dealing with ‘five Ps’ people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership.
  • It seeks to address the universal need for development that works for all people and root causes of poverty.
  • It calls for eradicating hunger and poverty, improving living standards, ensuring quality education, affordable and reliable energy, achieving gender equality and taking urgent action to combat climate change etc.
  • It also includes specific goals on economic indicators for first time.

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UN General Assembly adopts of text-based negotiations on UN Security Council reforms

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has adopted text-based negotiations on UN Security Council (UNSC) reforms. It will set the stage for talks on the UNSC reforms issue at its 70th session.

The draft text-based negotiations include questions on equitable representation and increase in the membership of UNSC.

India has welcomed the UNGA’s decision to carry forward the text and described the development as significant and historic. Now it needs to be adopted by consensus by all UN Member States in order reflect of the broad support of the international community to move forward on this issue.

India is looking forward to early commencement of text-based negotiations with a view to securing concrete outcomes during the upcoming 70th Session of the UNGA. It also has called upon all Member States of UN to constructively engage in this process so that the long pending reform of the UNSC can be achieved to give it more power to address the global challenges more effectively.

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