UNIDO Current Affairs - 2020

CIPET renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology

The Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology has now been renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals, Engineering and Technology. The name change was registered under Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act, 1975.


The main objective of CIPET is to contribute towards growth of plastics. It also focuses on education and research programme. The institute will focus on innovative plastic-based solutions.


The CIPET also receives United Nations Development Programme. Apart from UNDP, the support to CIPET is also received from OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Corporation), World Bank and UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization).


United Nations Industrial Development Organization was established in 1966. It is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations. The UNIDO aims to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals.

Petrochemicals in India

The Petrochemical industry is growing fast in India. There are four main categories in the petrochemical industry. This includes polymers, elastomers, synthetic fibres and surfactant intermediate. Mumbai is the hub of petrochemical industry.

NIDO and NISE to partner for skill development program

National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), an autonomous institution of Ministry of New and Renewable (MNRE) signed an agreement with United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to initiate a skill development programme for different levels of beneficiaries in solar thermal energy sector.

Key Highlights of Agreement

NISE and UNIDO will engage national and international experts to bring best practices by developing specialized training material.

This agreement is part of ongoing MNRE-GEF-UNIDO project (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy – Global Environment Friendly – United Nations Industrial Development Organization) which is jointly implemented by UNIDO.

It is to support capacity building and skill development of technical manpower in Concentrated Solar-Thermal Energy Technologies (CST) which are being used to replace conventional fossil fuels such as diesel, coal, furnace oil etc. and save costs and emissions in industrial process heat applications.


It is United Nations’ specialized agency headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

It was established on 17 November 1966.

Its Parent organization is United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

It is a member of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

It promotes industrial development for reducing poverty, inclusive globalization as well as environmental sustainability.

Members States: 170. These members regularly discuss and decide UNIDO’s guiding principles and policies in sessions of Policymaking Organs.

UNIDO Mission: is described in Lima Declaration (2013) adopted at 15th session of UNIDO General Conference. It is to promote and accelerate Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development (ISID) in Member States.

Mandate: UNIDO’s mandate is completely recognized in SDG-9 (Sustainable Development Goal): Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.