Union Health Minister Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Lancet Study on TB

Medical Journal Lancet had undertaken a study on Tuberculosis (TB) in three high-burden countries, including India. The findings of the burden of TB in India are:

  • India’s goal to end the epidemic by 2025 was too “ambitious” and “unrealistic”, Hence unattainable.
  • 57% reduction in incidence and 72% reduction in mortality will been seen only by 2035 and strengthening the care cascade could reduce cumulative TB incidence by 38% in the case of India.
  • India needs to adopt measures to prevent TB commensurate with the population levels to eliminate the disease in the coming decades.
  • India needs to improve diagnosis and treatment for drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB.
  • Lives of eight million (28%) people with TB can be saved over the next 30 years if tests are subsidised and patients are supported to complete the treatment.
  • For this subsidised and complete care, India requires an extra $290 million each year. This is significantly less than $32 billion losses which India incurs associated with TB mortality each year.
  • India needs to scale up access to TB services for all those seeking them, optimise engagement of private sector providers and guarantee universal access to drug susceptibility testing and second-line TB drugs.
  • Integration of TB services with the primary health system to reduce diagnostic delays is not happening.
  • The majority of MDR-TB cases in India due to direct transmission. Early diagnosis and prompt initiation of effective treatment should be a high priority for India to curb MDR-TB transmission since only 14% of people with MDR-TB completed treatment and just 11% remained disease-free at the end of one year.

India’s TB Burden

India accounted for 27% of the 10 million people, who had developed TB in 2017. Also, India accounted for 32% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people, and 27% of combined TB deaths in 2017. The high out-of-pocket expenses incurred during TB treatment keeps people in poverty for seven years after completing treatment as stated by the Union Health Minister.

Month: Categories: Science & TechnologyUPSC

Tags:

India hosts Global Digital Health Partnership Summit

The 4th Global Digital Health Partnership Summit being held at New Delhi was inaugurated by the Union Health Minister J P Nadda in the presence of Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology.

The summit provides an opportunity to support governments and health system reformers in improving the health and well-being of their citizens through digital technologies.

The Global Digital Health Partnership Summit is being hosted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Global Digital Health Partnership (GDHP).

Global Digital Health Partnership

The Global Digital Health Partnership (GDHP) is a collaboration of governments and territories, government agencies and the World Health Organization aimed at supporting the effective implementation of digital health services.

The GDHP was established in February 2018 to provide an international platform for global collaboration and sharing of evidence to guide the delivery of better digital health services within participant countries.

The GDHP also provides an opportunity for transformational engagement between its participants, who are striving to learn and share best practice and policy that can support their digital health systems.

The secretariat services for the GDHP are provided by  Australian Digital Health Agency for the initial 18 months.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

Tags: