Union Home Minister Current Affairs - 2020

Census 2021: Digital Collection of Data and Multipurpose Card Proposed

Union Home Minister Amit Shah has mooted the idea of a multipurpose identity card for citizens with all utilities such as Aadhaar, bank accounts, passport and driving licence. He also announced that for first time in 140-year history of census in India, data is proposed to be collected through a mobile app and people who conduct door-to-door counting would be encouraged to use their own phone.

Home Minister Amit Shah also notified that National Population Register (NPR) is being prepared for the first time in 2021 census. NPR is a list of usual residents of the country which could be the basis for a pan-India version of Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC). The data for NPR will also be collected along with the census exercise.

Key Highlights about Census 2021

During Census 2021, the digital collection of data will be adopted through mobile app. The app is being developed indigenously for collecting the data and in Android phones.

The use of latest technological developments during upcoming Census  process is a revolutionary initiative as in this process, people will be able to upload the details of self and family on newly developed mobile app themselves.

The Census 2021 data will become base for country’s future planning, development initiatives and welfare schemes so that India’s total 130 crore population gets benefitted from it. Therefore, people’s wholehearted participation is key to success of exercise.

A total of 33 lakh enumerators would be mobilised for data collection. Enumerators are the persons who conduct door-to-door counting.

The exercise will be done in 16 languages to facilitate people in filling their details properly.

An amount of Rs. 12,000 crore will be spent on India’s first digital census.

Background

The census exercise first began in 1865 with a pen and paper. The upcoming 2021 census exercise is the sixteenth census in the country and eighth census after independence.

In March 2019, the government had announced that next census will be conducted in two phases with 1 March 2021 as the reference date. For Jammu and Kashmir and snow-bound areas of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh the reference date shall be the 1 October 2020. A pre-test of Census 2021, which began on 12 August 2019 will go on till the end of September 2019.

Census 2021: Foundation stone of Janganana Bhawan (Census building) laid

Union Home Minister Amit Shah laid the foundation stone of Janganana Bhawan or Census Building in New Delhi. It is the office of the census authority. The upcoming Janganana Bhawan is being built on a Green Building concept. This shows Government’s commitment of taking forward and popularising the concept of Green Buildings in the country.  It is a seven-floor infrastructure which is being built with a cost of Rs.44 crore and is expected to be completed by 2021.

Key Highlights

The 2021 census is the 16th Indian census. It will continue till February 2021 and culminate on March 1 midnight.

In the upcoming 2021 nationwide census exercise the process of a ‘Pen-Paper Census’ will be transformed to a ‘Digital Census’ by using the latest technology. The future potential of an efficient and scientific digital Census process is high, as it could lead to provision of public services through one platform.

Besides maintaining the data in paper forms, availability of data in digital form will not only help in detailed multi-dimensional analysis but also for utilization for public welfare, using latest software.