Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Current Affairs - 2019

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13 August: Organ Donation Day

Every year 13 August is observed as Organ donation day, to create awareness about organ donation and to remove the myths about organ donation from people’s mind. Organ donation day urges people of all communities to come forth and donate organs to save precious lives.

Organ Donation Day

Background: Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched 6th World and 1st ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress in 2010 in New Delhi.

Organ Donor: As per National Health Portal guidelines, anyone can be an organ donor irrespective of age, caste, religion and community. A donor can initiate to donate organs such as heart, kidneys, liver, intestine, lungs and pancreas after his/her death. Later these organs can be transplanted into another person who is in urgent need of an organ.

Legal status of organ donation in India: Organ donations are legal by Indian law and for this purpose Government of India has enacted Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994, which permits organ donation, and legitimizes concept of ‘brain death’.

Significance

As per National Health Portal, there is a huge number of population which dies due to organ failure in India with almost 500,000 people dying due to non-availability of organs. Organ donation can be life-changing for many and this practice can give a new life to the ones in need.

The Organ donation day strives to motivate people to donate their healthy and precious organs after death to save lives. The day tries to spread information and make people aware about organ donation and also attempts to eliminate myths and fears people have in their mind about organ donation.

Cabinet approves merger of NIMH with ICMR-NIOH

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved to dissolve National Institute of Miners’ Health (NIMH), an autonomous Institute under Union Ministry of Mines (MoM) and merge it with ICMR-NIOH (Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute of Occupational Health), Ahmedabad, under Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH&FW) with all assets and liabilities.

Key Highlights

Actions required for effecting dissolution and merger of NIMH with NIOH will be taken by NIMH, ICMR, NIOH, MoM and Department of Health Research (DHR), MoH&FW.

This NIHM amalgamation with ICMR-NIOH also includes absorbing of all employees of NIMH in NIOH in similar post/pay scale as case may be and their pay be protected.

Impact: NIMH-NIOH merger will prove beneficial to both Institutes in term of enhanced expertise in field of occupational health as well as efficient management of public money.

Expenditure Management Commission which was reviewing working and performance of autonomous institutes recommended merger of NIMH with NIOH. It suggested that organisations with similar objectives can be considered for merger to encourage synergy in operations and reduction in cost.

About National Institute of Miners’ Health (NIMH)

It was set up in 1990 by Government of India.

It is registered as a Society under Karnataka Societies Registration Act, 1960.

NIMH’s registered office is located at Kolar Gold Fields in Karnataka and Central Laboratory in Nagpur.

It conducts applied research in occupational health and hygiene. It specializes in providing technical support services to mining as well as mineral based industry with special reference to metalliferous sector. It also endeavors for safe mines and healthy miners through research & development (R&D).

Focus Areas: NIOH focuses on a vast array of areas related to occupational health including occupational medicine and occupational hygiene.