Union Territory Current Affairs - 2019
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Himachal Pradesh celebrated 72nd Himachal Day on 15th April with gaiety and fervour. Himachal Day is celebrated to commemorate its creation.
Genesis of the Himachal Day
- Before independence, most of the areas of Himachal Pradesh was part of Punjab state and during that time this region was divided into four different regions such as Chamba, Mandi, Shimla etc.
- After the independence, in 1948 the state was declared as a union territory.
- On the 15th April Chief Commission inaugurated this territory and after that this day was celebrated as ‘Himachal Day’ every year.
Later in the 1970 the union territory was declared as a separate state. On 25th January 1971, it became the 18th state of the country.
The tiny hill-state Himachal Pradesh has developed rapidly after coming into existence on April 15, 1948, following the merger of 30 princely states. Difficult geographical conditions, inaccessible areas and other complexities could not affect the courage of the people.
The North-Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate Statehood Day celebrated statehood day on February 20. Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the 32nd and 47th Statehood Day respectively.
The Statehood to Mizoram was the culmination of the struggle led by Mizo National Front (MNF), a political organisation born in 1961. MNF took to armed insurrection and raised uprising against the Government, attacking the government installations at Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, Chhimluang and other places demanding sovereign independence of Greater Mizoram.
In 1967 MNF was banned by the government of India and this further fuelled the armed agitation led by the MNF. Mizoram was declared Union Territory in 1972. But it did not satisfy the protestors demanding separate statehood.
The Memorandum of Settlement was signed between the Mizo National Front and the Indian Government on June 30, 1986, where the Mizo National Front surrendered arms and immediate arrangements were made to solidify Mizoram as a full-fledged state in India. Consequently, the Indian Constitution was amended through the Mizoram State Act, 1986 and the Mizoram state came into existence.
Initially, Arunachal Pradesh was directly under the Governor of the provincial government of Assam. After the constitution came into being the Government of Assam was relieved of its responsibilities of the North East Frontier Agency and the powers were vested in the Governor of Assam, a constitutional post and an agent of the President of India.
NEFA was re-named as Arunachal Pradesh and subsequently, in 1972 Arunachal Pradesh became the Union Territory of the Republic of India.
In the year 1975 Arunachal Pradesh Council was converted into a Provisional Legislative Assembly and a council of ministers was appointed for Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh attained full statehood on 20 February 1987 after the passing of the Constitution 55th Amendment Act.